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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 109, Issue 4, pp 473–479 | Cite as

Assessing a ban on the use of UV tanning devices among adolescents in Ontario, Canada: first-year results

  • Victoria Nadalin
  • Loraine D. Marrett
  • Caroline Cawley
  • John Atkinson
  • Thomas Tenkate
  • Jennifer McWhirter
  • Cheryl F. Rosen
Special Section on Epidemiology and Biostatistics: Quantitative Research
  • 169 Downloads

Abstract

Objectives

To describe the effect of the first year of a ban on UV tanning device (beds, lamps) use among those under 18 years of age in Ontario, Canada.

Methods

Online questionnaires were completed by adolescents in grades 7 to 12, aged less than 18 years: one when the ban was enacted (May 2014) and a second a year later (May 2015). Questionnaires asked grade, age, sex, and about use of UV tanning devices in the previous year. Recent users were asked about length, frequency, and location of use; service refusals and reasons; awareness of signs/warning labels; and use of eye protection. Weighted estimates and confidence intervals were generated.

Results

There were 1561 participants in 2014 and 2305 in 2015. No reduction was observed in UV tanning device use (6.9% vs. 7.9%) in the 12 months preceding the survey. In 2015, most respondents used UV tanning devices in beauty establishments, which was a shift away from gyms and fitness centres as seen in 2014. Non-significant increases occurred in the proportions noticing warning signs/labels (57% vs. 71%), required to wear eye protection (92% vs. 99%), and refused service (17% vs. 21%). Most adolescents who were refused service did not use tanning devices that year (72%).

Conclusion

Use did not change in the year following enactment of a ban on UV tanning devices among youth in Ontario. The ban did lead to improvements in service refusal, awareness of warning signage, and use of eye protection. As service refusal deterred future use, enhanced enforcement is important.

Keywords

UV radiation Adolescent Tanning bed Tanning lamp Government legislation 

Résumé

Objectifs

Décrire les répercussions de la première année d’application d’une interdiction d’utiliser des appareils de bronzage aux UV (lits, lampes) pour les personnes de moins de 18 ans en Ontario (Canada).

Méthodes

Des questionnaires en ligne ont été remplis par des élèves de la 7e à la 12e année, âgés de moins de 18 ans : un premier lorsque l’interdiction a été promulguée (mai 2014), et un deuxième, un an plus tard (mai 2015). Les questions portaient sur la classe, l’âge, le sexe et l’utilisation d’appareils de bronzage aux UV au cours de l’année précédente. Les jeunes ayant utilisé ces appareils récemment devaient indiquer la durée et la fréquence d’utilisation, ainsi que le lieu. Ils devaient également préciser s’ils s’étaient vus refuser l’accès aux services de bronzage et les motifs de ces refus, s’ils avaient remarqué la présence d’avis et d’étiquettes de mise en garde, et s’ils avaient porté une protection des yeux. Des estimations pondérées et des intervalles de confiance ont été produits.

Résultats

On comptait 1561 participants en 2014 et 2305 participants en 2015. Aucune diminution de l’utilisation des appareils de bronzage aux UV n’a été observée (6,9 % c. 7,9 %) au cours des 12 mois précédant le questionnaire. En 2015, la plupart des répondants utilisaient des appareils de bronzage aux UV dans des salons de beauté, un changement par rapport à 2014 où ces appareils étaient plus utilisés dans des salles de sport et des centres de conditionnement physique. Des augmentations non significatives ont été observées dans les proportions de personnes ayant remarqué la présence d’avis et d’étiquettes de mise en garde (57 % c. 71 %), ayant dû porter une protection des yeux (92 % c. 99 %) et confrontées à des refus (17 % c. 21 %). La plupart des adolescents confrontés à un refus n’ont pas utilisé d’appareil de bronzage cette année-là (72 %).

Conclusion

L’utilisation des appareils de bronzage aux UV n’a pas changé au cours de l’année suivant la promulgation de l’interdiction visant les jeunes de l’Ontario. L’interdiction a bien entraîné d’améliorations quant aux refus d’offrir des services de bronzage, à la présence d’avis et au port d’une protection des yeux. Les refus ayant découragé l’utilisation future à ces appareils, il est important de garantir une meilleure application de cette interdiction.

Mots-clés

Rayons UV; Adolescent; Lit de bronzage; Lampe de bronzage; Législation gouvernementale 

Notes

Funding information

This study was funded by the Canadian Cancer Society, Cancer Care Ontario, and Ryerson University. It was conducted on behalf of the Ontario Sun Safety Working Group by four of its member organizations: Canadian Cancer Society, Cancer Care Ontario, Ryerson University, and the University Health Network.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Crown 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victoria Nadalin
    • 1
  • Loraine D. Marrett
    • 1
    • 2
  • Caroline Cawley
    • 1
  • John Atkinson
    • 3
  • Thomas Tenkate
    • 4
  • Jennifer McWhirter
    • 5
  • Cheryl F. Rosen
    • 6
  1. 1.Cancer Care OntarioTorontoCanada
  2. 2.University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Canadian Cancer SocietyTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Ryerson UniversityTorontoCanada
  5. 5.University of GuelphGuelphCanada
  6. 6.University Health Network and University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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