Advertisement

Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 105, Issue 6, pp e425–e430 | Cite as

Participation des parents à un programme d’éducation nutritionnel implanté en milieu scolaire et développement de comportements alimentaires des enfants

  • Fatoumata B. Diallo
  • Louise Potvin
  • Johanne Bédard
  • François Larose
Recherche Quantitative

Résumé

Objectifs

Décrire les différentes dimensions de la participation parentale dans les interventions instaurées en milieu scolaire et identifier la relation entre chacune de ces dimensions et le développement des comportements alimentaires des enfants suite à leur exposition à un projet d’éducation nutritionnel mis en place dans huit écoles primaires de milieux défavorisés de Montréal, le projet Petits cuistots - Parents en réseaux (PC-PR).

Methode

Cette recherche descriptive est conduite grâce à une analyse secondaire de données d’un échantillon de 502 parents d’enfants fréquentant les écoles qui participent au projet PC-PR. La participation parentale est conceptualisée en quatre dimensions faisant référence à la notion du mésosystème proposée par Bronfenbrenner (1979). Les comportements alimentaires tels que rapportés par les parents incluent le fait de: parler des ateliers, demander d’acheter certains aliments, lire les étiquettes sur l’emballage des produits et aider à réaliser les repas. Des analyses descriptives, bivariées et multivariées sont effectuées.

Résultats

Les données recueillies auprès des parents montrent une association positive entre la participation parentale à la maison et l’ensemble des comportements alimentaires examinés chez les élèves. Toutefois, l’implication parentale à l’école n’est corrélée à aucun des comportements.

Conclusion

Cette recherche suggère l’importance de la participation parentale dans les interventions d’éducation nutritionnelle en milieu scolaire. Ces résultats contribuent à l’avancement des connaissances dans le domaine et servent de prémisses à une réflexion visant à mieux orienter les interventions en promotion de la santé.

Mots Clés

école participation parent comportement nutrition 

Abstract

Coals

To describe the various dimensions of parental involvement in the interventions initiated in schools and to identify the relationship between each of these dimensions and the development of children’s food choices following their exposure to a nutrition-education project implemented in eight primary schools in underprivileged neighbourhoods in Montréal - the Junior Cooks - Parents Network project (Petits cuistots - Parents en réseaux (PC-PR)).

Method

This descriptive research was conducted thanks to a secondary analysis of data from a sample of 502 parents of children attending schools that participated in the PC-PR project. Parental participation is described in four aspects, making reference to the idea of a mesosystem, suggested by Bronfenbrenner (1979). Children’s eating-related behaviour, as reported by the parents, included: talking about workshops, asking to buy certain foods, reading labels on product wrapping and helping to prepare the meal. Bivariate and multivariate descriptive analyses were performed.

Results

The data gathered from the parents show a positive association between in-home parental involvement and overall food behaviour in the students. However, there is no association between parental involvement at school and any of the behaviours.

Conclusion

This research suggests the importance of parental participation in nutrition education interventions in schools. The results contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the field and serve as impetus for reflection on how to better direct health promotion interventions.

Key Words

School participation parent behaviour nutrition 

Références

  1. 1.
    Soubhi H, Potvin L. Homes and families as health promotion setting. Dans: Settings for Health Promotion: Linking Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2000;44–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    St Leger L, Nutbeam D. A model for mapping linkages between health and education agencies to improve school health. J Sch Health Feb 2000;70(2):45–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nader PR, Sellers DE, Johnson CC, Perry CL, Stone EJ, Cook KC, et al. The effect of adult participation in a school-based family intervention to improve children’s diet and physical activity: The Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health. Prev Med 1996;25(4):455–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Perry CL, Luepker RV, Murray DM, Kurth C, Mullis R, Crockett S, Jacobs DR, Jr. Parent involvement with children’s health promotion: The Minnesota Home Team. Am J Public Health 1988;78(9):1156–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ransley JK, Taylor EF, Radwan Y, Kitchen MS, Greenwood DC, Cade JE. Does nutrition education in primary schools make a difference to children’s fruit and vegetable consumption? Public Health Nutr 2010;1–7.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Te Velde SJ, Wind M, Perez-Rodrigo C, Klepp KI, Brug J. Mothers’ involvement in a school-based fruit and vegetable promotion intervention is associated with increased fruit and vegetable intakes - The Pro Children study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2008;5:48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bronfenbrenner U. The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1979.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Perry CL, Bishop DB, Taylor G, Murray DM, Mays RW, Dudovitz BS, et al. Changing fruit and vegetable consumption among children: The 5-a-Day Power Plus program in St. Paul, Minnesota. Am J Public Health 1998;88(4):603–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Parker FL, Boak AY, Griffin KW, Ripple C, Peay L. Parent-child relationship, home learning environment and school readiness. School Psychol Rev 1999;28:413–25.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Singh K, Bickley PG, Trivette P, Keith TZ, Keith PB, Anderson E. The effects of four components of parental involvement on eighth-grade student achievement: Structural analysis of NELS-88 data. School Psychol Rev 1995;24(2):299–317.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hill NE, Taylor LC. Parental school involvement and children’s academic achievement: Pragmatics and issues. Current Directions in Psychological Science 2004;13:161–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Deslandes R, Cloutier R. Pratiques parentales et réussite scolaire en fonction de la structure familiale et du genre des adolescents. Revue française de pédagogie 2005;151:61–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Epstein JL. School/family/community partnerships: Caring for the children we share. Phi Delta Kappan 1995;76:701–12.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Epstein JL. School, Family, and Community Partnerships: Preparing Educators, and Improving Schools. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2001.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bronfenbrenner U. Ecology of the family as a context for human development: Research perspectives. Dev Psychol 1986;22(6):723–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bronfenbrenner U. The ecology of cognitive development: Research models and fugitive findings. Dans: Wozniak RH, Fischer KW (Eds.), Development in Context: Acting and Thinking in Specific Environments. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum, 1993;3–44.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Les atéliers cinq épices. Bilan d’activité du projet Petits cuistots - Parents en réseaux (2007-2008). 2008.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Collectif Quartier. Atlas des quartiers. 2008; Sur internet: https://doi.org/www.collectifquartier.org/latlas-des-quartiers/ (consulté le 1 décembre 2014).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hosmer DW, Lemeshow S. Applied Logistic Regression, 2nd ed. New York; Toronto: Wiley, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cohen DA, Scribner RA, Farley TA. A structural model of health behavior: A pragmatic approach to explain and influence health behaviors at the population level. Prev Med 2000;30(2):146–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    McLeroy KR, Bibeau D, Steckler A, Glanz K. An ecological perspective on health promotion programs. Health Educ Q 1988;15(4):351–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Groves A. Children’s Food: Market Forces and Industry Responses. British Nutrition Foundation Nutrition Bulletin, 2002;27:187–90.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Marcon RA. Positive relationships between parent school involvement and public school inner-city preschoolers’ development and academic performance. School Psychol Rev 1999;28:395–412.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sheldon SB, Epstein JL. Improving student behavior and school discipline with family and community involvement. Education and Urban Society 2002;35(1):4–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Oyserman D, Brickman D, Rhodes M. School success, possible selves, and parent school involvement. Family Relations 2007;56:479–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Jeynes WH. A Meta-analysis: The effects of parental involvement on minority children’s academic achievement. Education and Urban Society 2003;35(2):202–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Davis-Kean PE. The influence of parent education and family income on child achievement: The indirect role of parental expectations and the home environment. J Family Psychology 2005;19(2):294–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Larose F, Terrisse B, Lenoir Y, Bédard J. Approches écosystémiques et fondements de l’intervention éducative précoce en milieux socioéconomiques faibles. Les conditions de la resilience scolaire. Brock Education: A journal of Educational Research and Practice 2004;13(2):56–80.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Cooke LJ, Wardle J. Age and gender differences in children’s food preferences. Br J Nutr 2005;93(5):741–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rasmussen M, Krolner R, Klepp KI, Lytle L, Brug J, Bere E, Due P. Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among children and adolescents: A review of the literature. Part I: Quantitative studies. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2006;3:22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Xie B, Gilliland FD, Li YF, Rockett HR. Effects of ethnicity, family income, and education on dietary intake among adolescents. Prev Med 2003;36(1):30–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Pitt MM, Khandker SR, Mickernan SM, Latif MA. Credit programs for the poor and reproductive behavior in low-income countries: Are the reported causal relationships the result of heterogeneity bias? Demography 1999;36(1):1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatoumata B. Diallo
    • 1
  • Louise Potvin
    • 2
  • Johanne Bédard
    • 3
  • François Larose
    • 3
  1. 1.Hôpital de la Cité-de-la-Santé de Laval, Équipe de recherche en soins de première ligneLavalCanada
  2. 2.Médecine Sociale et Préventive, Institut de recherche en santé publiquel’Université de MontréalMontréalCanada
  3. 3.Faculté des sciences de l’éducationUniversité de SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada

Personalised recommendations