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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 104, Supplement 6, pp S44–S48 | Cite as

Recruiting Doctors From and for Underserved Groups: Does New Brunswick’s Initiative to Recruit Doctors for Its Linguistic Minority Help Rural Communities?

  • Jacinthe BeauchampEmail author
  • Mathieu Bélanger
  • Aurel Schofield
  • Rachel Bordage
  • Denise Donovan
  • Michel Landry
Quantitative Research

Abstract

Objectives

Within health care, there are underserved groups. New Brunswick’s French-speaking minority, which also mostly lives in rural communities, is one such group. A physician shortage potentially prevents this population from accessing health promotion and clinical prevention services. This study analyzes whether New Brunswick Francophone doctors with rural backgrounds are more likely than doctors from urban regions to set up practice in rural communities of the province.

Methods

A questionnaire was sent to 390 New Brunswick Francophone physicians admitted in medicine between 1973 and 2000. It collected information on geographic origin and history of medical practice. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to identify whether a rural background is associated with the likelihood of ever and currently practicing in rural communities. We used the General Practice Rurality Index-simplified to quantify the rurality level of communities.

Results

In total, 264 (67%) physicians participated. A rural background was positively associated with the establishment of a first medical practice in a rural community. This relationship was only significant among family physicians. There was no statistically significant relationship between rurality of community of origin and rurality of current community of practice among either family or specialty physicians.

Conclusion

Although Francophone doctors with a rural background were more likely than their urban counterparts to set up their first practice in a rural community, this effect was not sustained. This raises questions as to why they leave rural communities and highlights the importance of measures to retain doctors as a way to promote public health for underserved rural groups.

Key Words

Medically underserved area minority groups rural health services personnel recruitment professional practice location 

Résumé

Objectifs

Dans le domaine des soins de santé, il y a des groupes mal desservis. La minorité francophone au Nouveau-Brunswick, qui réside principalement dans des collectivités rurales, en est un exemple. Une pénurie de médecins pourrait empêcher cette population d’accéder à des services cliniques de prévention et de promotion de la santé. Dans cette étude, nous étudions s’il est plus probable que les médecins francophones néo-brunswickois d’origine rurale établissent leur pratique dans les régions rurales de la province que leurs homologues d’origine urbaine.

Méthodologie

Nous avons envoyé un questionnaire à 390 médecins francophones néo-brunswickois admis en médecine entre 1973 et 2000. Ce sondage a rassemblé des renseignements sur l’origine géographique et sur l’historique de la pratique médicale des participants. Nous avons effectué des analyses de régression logistique multivariée pour découvrir si l’origine rurale est liée à la probabilité qu’un médecin établisse sa pratique ou poursuive sa pratique dans une collectivité rurale. Pour quantifier le niveau de ruralité des collectivités, nous avons employé l’indice de ruralité en pratique générale (IRPG) (cote simplifiée).

Résultats

Au total, 264 (67 %) médecins ont participé à l’étude. Nous avons trouvé une corrélation positive entre l’origine rurale et l’établissement d’une première pratique médicale dans une collectivité rurale. Par contre, cette corrélation est seulement statistiquement significative chez les médecins de famille. Nous n’avons pu établir aucune corrélation significative entre la ruralité de la collectivité d’origine et la ruralité du lieu de pratique actuel pour les deux groupes de médecins.

Conclusion

Bien que les médecins francophones d’origine rurale soient plus susceptibles que leurs homologues urbains à s’établir dans une collectivité rurale comme premier lieu de pratique, cet effet n’a pas été soutenu. Cette étude suscite des questions relatives aux raisons qui poussent ces médecins à quitter les collectivités rurales et souligne l’importance de prendre des mesures visant à retenir les médecins afin de promouvoir la santé publique pour les groupes mal desservis.

Mots Clés

groupes mal desservis en matière de soins de santé minorité recrutement du personnel lieu de pratique professionnelle services de santé rurale 

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacinthe Beauchamp
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mathieu Bélanger
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Aurel Schofield
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Rachel Bordage
    • 1
    • 2
  • Denise Donovan
    • 1
    • 5
  • Michel Landry
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre de formation médicale du Nouveau-Brunswick, Pavillon J.-R.-FrenetteUniversité de MonctonMonctonCanada
  2. 2.Dieppe Family Medicine UnitVitalité Health NetworkMonctonCanada
  3. 3.Department of Family MedicineUniversité de SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada
  4. 4.Research CentreVitalité Health NetworkMonctonCanada
  5. 5.Department of Community HealthUniversité de SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada

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