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Dermoscopy of congenital melanocytic nevi: a ten-year follow-up study and comparative analysis with acquired melanocytic nevi arising in prepubertal age

Abstract

Background

Dermoscopic characteristics of congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) have been reported, however, dermoscopic variation during long-term follow-up and direct comparative analyses with acquired melanocytic nevi (AMN) are poorly documented.

Objectives

To assess dermoscopic changes of CMN (including lesions present at birth or appearing within the first two years of age) after a long-term period and evaluate possible dermoscopic differences withAMNarising during prepubertal age.

Materials & methods

We re-analysed clinical and dermoscopic features of CMN, investigated ten years earlier. New findings were compared with those previously recorded, as well as with those of AMNappearing before puberty in the same group of patients.

Results

In total, 493 lesions (86 CMN and 407 AMN) from 71 patients were examined. Except for a greater size (median area: 73.9 vs 22.8 mm2; p<0.001) and higher prevalence of hair (17.4% vs 4.7; p<0.001) in CMN, no significant difference was observed between the two cohorts, including global/local dermoscopic features (p>0.05). The follow-up of CMN revealed that dermoscopic pattern changed in only four lesions (4.7%) (from globular to globular-reticular or reticular) after ten years, though lesions with a globular architecture presented several “local” changes, namely an increase in circumscribed reticular areas (from 20.0% to 41.5%; p = 0.030), irregularly distributed globules (from 15.6% to 34.1%; p = 0.045), and large globules (from 46.7% to 68.3%; p = 0.043).

Conclusion

The dermoscopic appearance ofCMNis significantly stable during childhood and is similar to that of AMN arising before puberty, thus supporting a possible link between such types of nevi.

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Correspondence to Enzo Errichetti.

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Errichetti, E., Patriarca, M.M. & Stinco, G. Dermoscopy of congenital melanocytic nevi: a ten-year follow-up study and comparative analysis with acquired melanocytic nevi arising in prepubertal age. Eur J Dermatol 27, 505–510 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1684/ejd.2017.3088

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Key words

  • acquired melanocytic nevi
  • congenital melanocytic nevi
  • dermoscopy
  • follow-up
  • prepubertal age
  • tardive congenital melanocytic nevi