Blair SN. Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st century. Br J Sports Med 2009; 43: 1–2.
Blair SN, Morris JN. Healthy hearts-and the universal benefits of being physically active: physical activity and health. Ann Epidemiol 2009; 19: 253–6.
Lee IM, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F, et al. Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet 2012; 380: 219–29.
Pedersen BK. The anti-inflammatory effect of exercise: its role in diabetes and cardiovascular disease control. Essays Biochem 2006; 42: 105–17.
Tidball JG. Inflammatory processes in muscle injury and repair. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2005; 288: R345–53.
Paulsen G, Mikkelsen UR, Raastad T, Peake JM. Leucocytes, cytokines and satellite cells: what role do they play in muscle damage and regeneration following eccentric exercise? Exerc Immunol Rev 2012; 18: 42–97.
Braun WA, Dutto DJ. The effects of a single bout of downhill running and ensuing delayed onset of muscle soreness on running economy performed 48 h later. Eur J Appl Physiol 2003; 90: 29–34.
Clarkson PM, Hubal MJ. Exercise-induced muscle damage in humans. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2002; 81: S52–69.
Aoi W, Naito Y, Yoshikawa T. Role of oxidative stress in impaired insulin signaling associated with exercise-induced muscle damage. Free Radic Biol Med 2013; 65: 1265–72.
Costello JT, Algar LA, Donnelly AE. Effects of whole-body cryotherapy (-110 degrees C) on proprioception and indices of muscle damage. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2012; 22: 190–8.
Hausswirth C, Louis J, Bieuzen F, et al. Effects of whole-body cryotherapy vs. far-infrared vs. passive modalities on recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage in highly-trained runners. PLoS One 2011; 6: e277–9.
Costello JT, Baker PRA, Minett GM, et al. Whole-body cryotherapy (extreme cold air exposure) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise in adults (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013.
Torres R, Ribeiro F, Alberto Duarte J, Cabri JM. Evidence of the physiotherapeutic interventions used currently after exercise-induced muscle damage: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Phys Ther Sport 2012; 13: 101–14.
Barnett A. Using recovery modalities between training sessions in elite athletes: does it help? Sports Med 2006; 36: 781–96.
Banfi G, Lombardi G, Colombini A, Melegati G. Whole-body cryotherapy in athletes. Sports Med 2010; 40: 509–17.
Lubkowska A, Szygula Z, Chlubek D, Banfi G. The effect of prolonged whole-body cryostimulation treatment with different amounts of sessions on chosen pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines levels in healthy men. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 2011; 71: 419–25.
Ziemann E, Olek RA, Kujach S, et al. Five-day whole-body cryostimulation, blood inflammatory markers, and performance in high-ranking professional tennis players. J Athl Train 2012; 47: 664–72.
Di Renzo L, Carbonelli MG, Bianchi A, et al. Body composition changes after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding: what is the role of-174G>C interleukin-6 promoter gene polymorphism in the therapeutic strategy? Int J Obes (Lond) 2012; 36: 369–78.
Costello JT, Culligan K, Selfe J, Donnelly AE. Muscle, skin and core temperature after-110 degrees c cold air and 8 degrees c water treatment. PLoS One 2012; 7: e48190.
Lubkowska A, Banfi G, Dolegowska B, et al. Changes in lipid profile in response to three different protocols of whole-body cryostimulation treatments. Cryobiology 2010; 61: 22–6.
Ziemann E, Grzywacz T, Luszczyk M, et al. Aerobic and anaerobic changes with high-intensity interval training in active college-aged men. J Strength Cond Res 2011; 25: 1104–12.
Newham DJ, Jones DA, Edwards RH. Large delayed plasma creatine kinase changes after stepping exercise. Muscle Nerve 1983; 6: 380–5.
Szczesna-Kaczmarek A. Muscle fiber injury after eccentric exercise. Acta Biochimica Polonica 2007; 54: 1–5.
Jeukendrup AE, Wallis GA. Measurement of substrate oxidation during exercise by means of gas exchange measurements. Int J Sports Med 2005; 26 Suppl 1: S28–37.
Flandry F, Hunt JP, Terry GC, Hughston JC. Analysis of subjective knee complaints using visual analog scales. Am J Sports Med 1991; 19: 112–8.
Gulick DT, Kimura IF, Sitler M, Paolone A, Kelly JD. Various treatment techniques on signs and symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness. J Athl Train 1996; 31: 145–52.
Lubkowska A, Szygula Z, Klimek AJ, Torii M. Do sessions of cryostimulation have influence on white blood cell count, level of IL6 and total oxidative and antioxidative status in healthy men? Eur J Appl Physiol 2010; 109: 67–72.
Garaulet M, Ordovas JM, Madrid JA. The chronobiology, etiology and pathophysiology of obesity. Int J Obes (Lond) 2010; 34: 1667–83.
Rao SR. Inflammatory markers and bariatric surgery: a metaanalysis. Inflamm Res 2012; 61: 789–807.
Sood A. Obesity, adipokines, and lung disease. J Appl Physiol (1985) 2010; 108: 744–53.
Cooper DM, Radom-Aizik S, Schwindt C, Zaldivar Jr. F. Dangerous exercise: lessons learned from dysregulated inflammatory responses to physical activity. J Appl Physiol 2007; 103: 700–9.
Smith LL. Cytokine hypothesis of overtraining: a physiological adaptation to excessive stress? Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000; 32: 317–31.
Ziemann E, Zembron-Lacny A, Kasperska A, et al. Exercise traininginduced changes in inflammatory mediators and heat shock proteins in young tennis players. J Sports Sci Med 2013; 12: 282–9.
Mucci P, Durand F, Lebel B, Bousquet J, Prefaut C. Interleukins 1- beta,-8, and histamine increases in highly trained, exercising athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000; 32: 1094–100.
Nieman DC, Henson DA, Smith LL, et al. Cytokine changes after a marathon race. J Appl Physiol 2001; 91: 109–14.
Ostrowski K, Rohde T, Zacho M, Asp S, Pedersen BK. Evidence that interleukin-6 is produced in human skeletal muscle during prolonged running. J Physiol 1998; 508(Pt 3): 949–53.
Suzuki K, Nakaji S, Yamada M, et al. Systemic inflammatory response to exhaustive exercise. Cytokine kinetics. Exerc Immunol Rev 2002; 8: 6–48.
Malm C, Nyberg P, Engstrom M, et al. Immunological changes in human skeletal muscle and blood after eccentric exercise and multiple biopsies. J Physiol 2000; 529 Pt 1: 243–62.
Nosaka K, Sakamoto K, Newton M, Sacco P. How long does the protective effect on eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage last? Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001; 33: 1490–5.
Banfi G., Barassi A. et al. Effects of whole-body cryotherapy on serum mediators of inflammation and serum muscle enzymes in athletes. J Therm Biol 2009; 34: 55–9.
Hirvonen HE, Mikkelsson MK, Kautiainen H, Pohjolainen TH, Leirisalo-Repo M. Effectiveness of different cryotherapies on pain and disease activity in active rheumatoid arthritis. A randomised single blinded controlled trial. Clin Exp Rheumatol 2006; 24: 295–301.
Wilcock IM, Cronin JB, Hing WA. Physiological response to water immersion: a method for sport recovery? Sports Med 2006; 36: 747–65.
Moore KW, O’Garra A, de Waal Malefyt R, Vieira P, Mosmann TR. Interleukin-10. Annu Rev Immunol 1993; 11: 165–90.
Pretolani M. Interleukin-10: an anti-inflammatory cytokine with therapeutic potential. Clin Exp Allergy 1999; 29: 1164–71.
Miller E, Markiewicz L, Saluk J, Majsterek I. Effect of short-term cryostimulation on antioxidative status and its clinical applications in humans. Eur J Appl Physiol 2012; 112: 1645–52.
Lubkowska A, Dolegowska B, Szygula Z. Whole-body cryostimulation - potential beneficial treatment for improving antioxidant capacity in healthy men- significance of the number of sessions. PLoS One 2012; 7: e46352.
Lubkowska A, Dolegowska B, Szygula Z, Klimek A. Activity of selected enzymes in erythrocytes and level of plasma antioxidants in response to single whole-body cryostimulation in humans. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 2009; 69: 387–94.
Chen JL, Wu Y. Cardiovascular risk factors in Chinese American children: associations between overweight, acculturation, and physical activity. J Pediatr Health Care 2008; 22: 103–10.
Drygas W, Kostka T, Jegier A, Kunski H. Long-term effects of different physical activity levels on coronary heart disease risk factors in middle-aged men. Int J Sports Med 2000; 21: 235–41.
McMurray RG, Bangdiwala SI, Harrell JS, Amorim LD. Adolescents with metabolic syndrome have a history of low aerobic fitness and physical activity levels. Dyn Med 2008; 7: 5.
Fernandez ML, Webb D. The LDL to HDL cholesterol ratio as a valuable tool to evaluate coronary heart disease risk. J Am Coll Nutr 2008; 27: 1–5.
Tangvarasittichai S, Poonsub P, Tangvarasittichai O. Association of serum lipoprotein ratios with insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Indian J Med Res 2010; 131: 641–8.
Xiang SK, Hua F, Tang Y, et al. Relationship between Serum Lipoprotein Ratios and Insulin Resistance in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Int J Endocrinol 2012; 2012: 173281.
Pedersen BK, Febbraio MA. Muscle as an endocrine organ: focus on muscle-derived interleukin-6. Physiol Rev 2008; 88: 1379–406.