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European Journal of Dermatology

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 326–331 | Cite as

A screening programme for dermatologists as a guide to request psychological consultation in routine clinical practice

  • Annarita Panebianco
  • Francesca Sampogna
  • Maria Luisa Iemboli
  • Luciano Sobrino
  • Elisabetta Andreoli
  • Valeria Antinone
  • Cinzia Mazzanti
  • Damiano Abeni
Clinical Report

Abstract

Background

The psychosocial impact of skin conditions is usually evaluated in research settings.

Objectives

To define predictors that can be used by dermatologists to refer patients for psychological consultation or psychotherapy using a simple screening instrument.

Materials & Methods

A questionnaire to evaluate possible anxiety and depression (12-item General Health Questionnaire [GHQ-12]) was routinely used over a period of two months in an Italian dermatological reference centre.

Results

Of 651 patients, 508 (78%) completed the GHQ-12. Of the total sample, 35.2% scored 4 or more (psychological consultation suggested), and 15.7% scored 7 or more (psychological consultation recommended). Probable depression or anxiety was more frequent in women than in men, in patients born in foreign countries, and in patients with leg ulcers, pemphigoid, and psoriasis.

Conclusion

Our results indicate that a simple instrument may be useful for dermatologists to detect patients at risk of psychological problems and subsequently refer them for psychological consultation.

Key words

anxiety daily practice depression dermatology GHQ-12 psychology 

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Copyright information

© John Libbey Eurotext 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Annarita Panebianco
    • 1
  • Francesca Sampogna
    • 2
  • Maria Luisa Iemboli
    • 2
  • Luciano Sobrino
    • 3
  • Elisabetta Andreoli
    • 4
  • Valeria Antinone
    • 4
  • Cinzia Mazzanti
    • 5
  • Damiano Abeni
    • 2
  1. 1.Health DirectorFondazione Luigi Maria Monti (IDI-IRCCS, FLMM)RomeItaly
  2. 2.Clinical Epidemiology UnitFondazione Luigi Maria Monti (IDI-IRCCS, FLMM)RomeItaly
  3. 3.Hospital Information SystemFondazione Luigi Maria Monti (IDI-IRCCS, FLMM)RomeItaly
  4. 4.Clinical Psychology UnitFondazione Luigi Maria Monti (IDI-IRCCS, FLMM)RomeItaly
  5. 5.1st Dermatological Clinic, Istituto Dermopatico dell’Immacolata - Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere ScientificoFondazione Luigi Maria Monti (IDI-IRCCS, FLMM)RomeItaly

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