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Wetlands

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 701–710 | Cite as

Use of balloon aerial photography for classification of Kushiro wetland vegetation, northeastern Japan

  • Michiru Miyamoto
  • Kunihiko Yoshino
  • Toshihide Nagano
  • Tomoyasu Ishida
  • Yohei Sato

Abstract

Kushiro wetland in northeastern Japan is a Ramsar-designated wetland of international importance (1980) that is characterized by high biodiversity and spatial heterogeneity. These characteristics of the wetland also present innumerable challenges for mapping and monitoring such unique ecosystems. Recent advances in remote sensing technology have provided many sensors with different spatial and spectral scales and resolutions. However, they are still inadequate for mapping wetland vegetation at a large scale for various reasons, such as inadequate resolution and high costs. This study was designed to evaluate the potential of balloon aerial photography to acquire high resolution (15 cm pixel size) imagery for mapping wetland vegetation in the Akanuma marsh. We used a standard 28-mm non-metric camera (Nikon-F-801), which seven specific categories (species mixes) were successfully delineated. It was possible to classify small shrubs mixed with herbaceous plants; moss bogs with pools; dwarf shrubs with sedges; and moss with alpine plants. From this research, it seems that balloon aerial photography is a powerful tool for mapping temperate wetland vegetation, allowing classification of specific and typical vegetation types to the genus and species level.

Key Words

temperate wetland vegetation mapping balloon aerial photography mosaicking visual photo interpretation Akanuma marsh Kushiro wetland 

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Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michiru Miyamoto
    • 1
  • Kunihiko Yoshino
    • 2
  • Toshihide Nagano
    • 3
  • Tomoyasu Ishida
    • 4
  • Yohei Sato
    • 5
  1. 1.National Institute Environmental StudiesJapan Society for the Promotion Science FellowTsukuba, IbarakiJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Policy and Planning ScienceThe University of TsukubaTsukuba, IbarakiJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of International Agricultural and Food StudiesTokyo University of AgricultureTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Faculty of AgricultureUtsunomiya UniversityUtsunomiyaJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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