Economic Botany

, Volume 58, Supplement 1, pp S34–S42 | Cite as

Prosopis Africana (Mimosaceae): Stem, roots, and seeds in the economy of the savanna areas of Nigeria

  • D. A. Agboola


Prosopis africana is a multipurpose tree of great economic value among the rural communities in the Guinea savanna of Nigeria. The fruit of the tree is used as feed for animals, while the seeds are fermented to make ukpehe, a highly proteinaceous condiment. The tree is not cultivated. The products from the hard wood, such as some wooden farm implements, kitchen utensils, and planks for construction, are extensively traded. The tree is a good source of firewood and charcoal. The secondary roots are used as medicine. Fully documented and discussed here are the various uses of some parts of the tree, including the stem, seeds, and roots.

Key Words

Prosopis africana Guinea savanna Nigeria ukpehe charcoal pestles mortars axes and hoes economic uses 

A importância dos troncos, raizes e sementes da prosopis Africana (Mimosaceae) na economia das areas de savana da Nigeria


A. prosopis é uma drvore multifacetada de grande valor economico entre as comunidades rurais da savana guiniense da Nigéria. O fruto da árvore é usado como alimento para os animais enquanto as sementes são fermentadas para fazer “ukpehe”, urn condimento com alto valor em proteinas. A árvore não é cultivada. Utensttios para cozinha, instrumentas para a agricultura e tábuuas para a construçao civil fabricados com a madeira desta árvore sáo comercializados em larga escala. Esta espécie de árvore é uma boa fonte de lenha e carvăo. As raizes secundârias săo usada como medica. mentos. os diversos vsos das diferentes partes desta árvore, troncos, sementes e raizes estão amplamente documentados e discutidos.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. A. Agboola
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of AgricultureAbeokutaNigeria

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