, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 346–352 | Cite as

A new species of Illicium subsection Parviflora (Illiciaceae) from the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti

  • Angela Guerrero
  • Walter S. Judd
  • Ashley B. Morris


Illicium hottense, a new species, is here described from the floristically diverse Massif de la Hotte of southern Haiti. It is compared to related species, especiallyI. ekmanii, with which it has previously been confused.Illicium hottense andI. ekmanii are members ofIllicium subsectionParviflora, a group that comprises four species, all endemic to peninsular Florida (I. parviflorum) or the Greater Antilles: Cuba (I. cubense) and Hispaniola (I. ekmanii, andI. hottense). The subsection is characterized by its distinctive laminar-carnose, ovoid stamens; all have trisyncolpate pollen.Illicium hottense is similar toI. ekmanii andI. parviflorum in having flowers with ten to thirteen carpels and six to less commonly eight stamens, but differs from both in its strongly papillose outer tepals and consistently acute leaves. In addition, its leaves lack the strong anise fragrance ofI. parviflorum. Finally, molecular data provide support for recognizingI. hottense as a species distinct fromI. ekmanii.

Key words

Illicium Illiciaceae Haiti Hispaniola Massif de la Hotte 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Donoghue, M. J. 1985. A critique of the biological species concept and recommendations for a phylogenetic alternative. Bryologist 88: 172–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Doyle, J. &J. L. Doyle. 1987. A rapid DNA isolation method for small quantities of fresh tissues. Phytochem. Bull. 19: 11–15.Google Scholar
  3. Ekman, E. L. 1928. A botanical excursion in La Hotte, Haiti. Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 22: 200–219.Google Scholar
  4. Graham, A. 2003: Historical phytogeography of the Greater Antilles. Brittonia 55: 357–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Guerrero, A. 1993.Mognolia hamori, la flora y la vegetación asociadas en la parte oriental de la sierra de Bahoruco, República Dominicana. Moscosoa 7: 127–143.Google Scholar
  6. — 1997. A revision of the species ofIllicium subsectionParviflora (Illiciaceae). M.S. thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.Google Scholar
  7. Hao, G., R. M. K. Saunders &M.-L. Chye. 2000. A phylogenetic analysis of the Illiciaceae based on sequences of internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Plant. Syst. Evol. 223: 81–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Imkanitskaya, N. 1993. The genusIllicium (Illiciaceae) in the flora of the Antilles. Bot. Zhur. St. Petersburg 78: 1–15.Google Scholar
  9. Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bull. Florida State Museum, Biol. Sci. 32(1): 1–136.Google Scholar
  10. — 2001. Phylogeny and biogeography ofLyonia sect.Lyonia (Ericaceae). Pages 63–75.In: C. A. Woods & F. E. Sergile, editors. Biogeography of the West Indies. Ed. 2. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.Google Scholar
  11. — &R. S. Beaman. 1988. Taxonomic studies in the Miconieae (Melastomataceae). II. Systematics of theMiconia subcompressa complex of Hispaniola, including the description of two new species. Brittonia 40: 368–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. —,V. T. Salzman &J. D. Skean, Jr. 1995. Taxonomic studies in the Micronieae (Melastomataceae). VII.Miconia howardiana, a new species from Hispaniola. Brittonia 47: 414–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. — &J. D. Skean, Jr. 1994. Taxonomic studies in the Miconieae (Melastomataceae). VI.Miconia santanana, a new species from Hispaniola. Brittonia 46: 99–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. —— &C. K. McMullen. 1990. The flora of Macaya Biosphere Reserve: additional taxa, taxonomic and nomenclatural changes. Moscosoa 6: 124–133.Google Scholar
  15. —— &D. G. Griffin, III. 1998. The flora of Macaya Biosphere Reserve: additional taxa, taxonomic and nomenclatural changes, II. Moscosoa 10: 114–120.Google Scholar
  16. Lucas, G. &H. Synge, compilers. 1978. The IUCN plant red data book. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Morges, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  17. Mishler, B. D. 1985. The morphological, developmental and phylogenetic basis of species concepts in bryophytes. Bryologist 88: 207–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pindell, J. &S. F. Barrett. 1990. Geological evolution of the Caribbean region: a plate-tectonic perspective. Pages 405–432.In: G. Dengo & J. E. Case, editors. The geology of North America. Vol. H. The Caribbean region. Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado.Google Scholar
  19. Sergile, F. E., C. A. Woods &P. E. Paryski. 1992. Final report of the Macaya Biosphere Reserve project. Prepared for USAID/Haiti under contract 521-0191-A-00-7107. Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FloridaGoogle Scholar
  20. Skean, D. J., Jr. 1993. Monograph ofMecranium (Melastomataceae-Miconieae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 39: 1–123.Google Scholar
  21. Smith, A. C. 1947. The families Illiciaceae and Schizandraceae. Sargentia 7: 1–224.Google Scholar
  22. Swofford, D. L. 2003. PAUP*. Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods). Version 4. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  23. Wen, J. &E. A. Zimmer. 1996. Phytogeny and biogeography ofPanax L. (the ginseng genus, Araliaceae): inferences from ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 6: 166–177.Google Scholar
  24. Wood, C. E. 1958. The genera of woody Ranales in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 39: 296–346.Google Scholar
  25. Woods, C. E. &J. A. Ottenwalder. 1992. The natural history of southern Haiti. Prepared for USAID/Haiti under contract 521-0191-A-00-7107. Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, Florida.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden Press 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Guerrero
    • 1
  • Walter S. Judd
    • 1
  • Ashley B. Morris
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations