Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 142–148 | Cite as

Multivariate statistical analysis for the surface water quality of the Luan River, China

  • Zhi-wei Zhao
  • Fu-yi Cui


In order to analyze the characteristics of surface water resource quality for the reconstruction of old water treatment plant, multivariate statistical techniques such as cluster analysis and factor analysis were applied to the data of Yuqiao Reservoir—surface water resource of the Luan River, China. The results of cluster analysis demonstrate that the months of one year were divided into 3 groups and the characteristic of clusters was agreed with the seasonal characteristics in North China. Three factors were derived from the complicated set using factor analysis. Factor 1 included turbidity and chlorophyll, which seemed to be related to the anthropogenic activities; factor 2 included alkaline and hardness, which were related to the natural characteristic of surface water; and factor 3 included Cl and NO2-N affected by mineral and agricultural activities. The sinusoidal shape of the score plots of the three factors shows that the temporal variations caused by natural and human factors are linked to seasonality.

Key words

Surface water quality Cluster analysis Factor analysis Temporal variation of scores 

CLC number



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Copyright information

© Zhejiang University and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and EnvironmentHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina

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