Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A

, Volume 9, Issue 12, pp 1753–1764

Application of honey-bee mating optimization on state estimation of a power distribution system including distributed generators


DOI: 10.1631/jzus.A0820047

Cite this article as:
Niknam, T. J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. A (2008) 9: 1753. doi:10.1631/jzus.A0820047


We present a new approach based on honey-bee mating optimization to estimate the state variables in distribution networks including distributed generators. The proposed method considers practical models of electrical equipments such as static var compensators, voltage regulators, and under-load tap changer transformers, which have usually nonlinear and discrete characteristics. The feasibility of the proposed approach is demonstrated by comparison with the methods based on neural networks, ant colony optimization, and genetic algorithms for two test systems, a network with 34-bus radial test feeders and a realistic 80-bus 20 kV network.

Key words

Distributed generators (DGs) State estimation Honey-bee mating optimization (HBMO) 

CLC number



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Copyright information

© Zhejiang University and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electronic and Electrical DepartmentShiraz University of TechnologyShirazIran

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