Moving from exascale to zettascale computing: challenges and techniques
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High-performance computing (HPC) is essential for both traditional and emerging scientific fields, enabling scientific activities to make progress. With the development of high-performance computing, it is foreseeable that exascale computing will be put into practice around 2020. As Moore’s law approaches its limit, high-performance computing will face severe challenges when moving from exascale to zettascale, making the next 10 years after 2020 a vital period to develop key HPC techniques. In this study, we discuss the challenges of enabling zettascale computing with respect to both hardware and software. We then present a perspective of future HPC technology evolution and revolution, leading to our main recommendations in support of zettascale computing in the coming future.
Key wordsHigh-performance computing Zettascale Micro-architectures Interconnection Storage system Manufacturing process Programming models and environments
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