Simulation model of self-organizing pedestrian movement considering following behavior
A new force is introduced in the social force model (SFM) for computing following behavior in pedestrian counterflow, whereby an individual tries to approach others in the same direction to avoid conflicts with pedestrians from the opposite direction. The force, like a kind of gravitation, is modeled based on the movement state and visual field of the pedestrian, and is added to the classical SFM. The modified model is presented to study the impact of following behavior on the process of lane formation, the conflict, the number of lanes formed, and the traffic efficiency in the simulations. Simulation results show that the following behavior has a significant effect on the phenomenon of lane formation and the traffic efficiency.
Key wordsGravitation Pedestrian counterflow Social force model (SFM) Lane formation Self-organizing
CLC numberTP391.9 U698.2
We would like to thank Dr. Lei BIAN and Dr. Yongjun MA for the stimulating discussions.
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