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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B

, Volume 14, Issue 12, pp 1132–1143 | Cite as

Morphological and biochemical responses of Oryza sativa L. (cultivar MR219) to ion beam irradiation

  • Anna Pick Kiong LingEmail author
  • Ying Chian Ung
  • Sobri Hussein
  • Abdul Rahim Harun
  • Atsushi Tanaka
  • Hase Yoshihiro
Article

Abstract

Objective

Heavy ion beam, which has emerged as a new mutagen in the mutation breeding of crops and ornamental plants, is expected to result in the induction of novel mutations. This study investigates the morphological and biochemical responses of Oryza sativa toward different doses of carbon ion beam irradiation.

Methods

In this study, the dry seeds of O. sativa were irradiated at 0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, and 120 Gy, followed by in-vitro germination under controlled conditions. Morphological and biochemical studies were conducted to investigate the morphological and physiological responses of O. sativa towards ion beam irradiation.

Results

The study demonstrated that low doses (10 Gy) of ion beam have a stimulating effect on the height, root length, and fresh weight of the plantlets but not on the number of leaves. Meanwhile, doses higher than 10 Gy caused reductions in all the morphological parameters studied as compared to the control samples. The highest total soluble protein content [(2.11±0.47) mg/g FW] was observed in plantlets irradiated at 20 Gy. All irradiated plantlets were found to have 0.85% to 58.32% higher specific activity of peroxidase as compared to the control samples. The present study also revealed that low doses of ion beam (10 and 20 Gy) had negligible effect on the total chlorophyll content of O. sativa plantlets while 40 Gy had a stimulating effect on the chlorophyll content. Plantlets irradiated between 40 to 120 Gy were shown to be 0.38% to 9.98% higher in total soluble nitrogen content which, however, was not significantly different from the control samples.

Conclusions

Carbon ion beam irradiation administered at low to moderate doses of 10 to 40 Gy may induce O. sativa mutants with superior characteristics.

Key words

In vitro mutagenesis Ion beam irradiation Total chlorophyll content Total soluble protein content Mutation breeding 

CLC number

Q319+.2 

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Copyright information

© Zhejiang University and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Pick Kiong Ling
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ying Chian Ung
    • 1
  • Sobri Hussein
    • 2
  • Abdul Rahim Harun
    • 2
  • Atsushi Tanaka
    • 3
  • Hase Yoshihiro
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Science, Faculty of Engineering and ScienceUniversiti Tunku Abdul RahmanSetapak, Kuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Agrotechnology and Bioscience DivisionMalaysian Nuclear AgencyBangiKajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  3. 3.Radiation-Applied Biology Division, Quantum Beam Science DirectorateJapan Atomic Energy AgencyTakasaki, GunmaJapan

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