Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 218–228 | Cite as

Compressibility and hydraulic conductivity of sand-attapulgite cut-off wall backfills

  • Wen-bing Zhang
  • Wen-bo RaoEmail author
  • Lei Li
  • Ye Liu
  • Shuai Wang
  • Ke Jin
  • Fang-wen Zheng


Soil-bentonite cut-off walls have been used widely to control pollution in landfills but their antifouling property (their ability to prevent contaminants in landfills from polluting the surrounding environment) decreases significantly over time due to a variety of factors (e.g. contaminant concentrations). In recent years, attapulgite has been considered as a backfill material for cut-off walls, but relevant studies are lacking. In this study, the compressibility and hydraulic conductivity of sand-attapulgite backfills were investigated using consolidation and hydraulic conductivity tests. In these tests, attapulgite comprised 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 60%, 80%, or 100% (dry weight) of the backfills. The results showed that (1) the compression (Cc) and swell (Cs) indexes of the backfills increased linearly with increasing attapulgite content (Ap); (2) both the consolidation coefficient (Cv) calculated by the Casagrande and Taylor methods and the hydraulic conductivity (ktheory) calculated according to Terzaghi consolidation theory decreased with increasing attapulgite content. In the case of an effective consolidation stress σ′<100 kPa, ktheory <10−9 m/s when Ap≥30%, which was supported by the hydraulic conductivity tests. Two methods were developed based on laboratory data, for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of sand-attapulgite backfills. We conclude that the use of sand-attapulgite backfills applied to cut-off walls as substitutes for soil-bentonite backfills is technically feasible.

Key words

Attapulgite Sand-attapulgite backfill Cut-off wall Compressibility Hydraulic conductivity 

砂-凹凸棒土竖向隔离墙材料的压缩及渗透特性试 验研究

概 要

目 的

压缩性和渗透性是垃圾填埋场竖向隔离墙材料的 2 个重要指标。本文旨在探讨不同凹凸棒土添加 量对砂-凹凸棒土隔离墙材料压缩性和渗透性的 影响, 并在Kozeny-Carman 方程的框架下建立经 验公式来预测砂-凹凸棒土隔离墙材料的渗透系 数。


1. 系统全面地研究了不同凹凸棒土添加量对砂- 凹凸棒土隔离墙材料压缩性和渗透性的影响; 2. 建立经验公式, 预测砂-凹凸棒土隔离墙材料的 渗透系数。


1. 通过固结试验和刚性壁渗透试验, 得出不同凹 凸棒土添加量对砂-凹凸棒土隔离墙材料压缩性 和渗透性的影响(图3 和4, 表1); 2. 通过公式 推导, 建立经验公式来预测砂-凹凸棒土隔离墙材 料的渗透系数(公式(3)和(4))。


1. 压缩指数(Cc)和回弹指数(Cs)均随回填料 中凹凸棒土含量(Ap)的增加而增大, 且CcCsAp 均有很好的线性关系: Cc=0.0062Ap+ 0.0161 (r2=0.9914), Cs=0.0009Ap−0.0058 (r2= 0.9888)。2. 用Casagrande 和Taylor 方法计算的固 结系数(Cv)值均随回填料中凹凸棒土含量的增 加而降低。3. 利用太沙基固结理论计算的回填料 渗透系数(ktheory)随回填料中凹凸棒土含量的增 加而降低; 在有效固结压力σ′<100 kPa 的情况下, 只有凹凸棒土含量Ap≥30%, ktheory 才会低于 10−9 m/s; 用刚性壁渗透试验测得的渗透系数kf 与ktheory 有相同的变化特征。4. 基于试验数据提 出了2 种预测砂-凹凸棒土回填料渗透系数的方 法, 其中方法2 更好; 由于这些方法都是经验公 式, 所以它们能否应用于原位场地或其它类型回 填料仍需进一步的研究。


凹凸棒土 砂-凹凸棒土回填料 隔离墙 压缩性 渗透性 

CLC number

X5 TU41 


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The authors thank Dr. Ya-feng HU (Nanjing Forestry University, China) for analyzing the particle size distribution of attapulgite.


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Copyright information

© Zhejiang University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Isotope Hydrology, College of Earth Sciences and EngineeringHohai UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.College of Resources and EnvironmentHenan Agricultural UniversityZhengzhouChina

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