Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B

, Volume 7, Issue 12, pp 957–962 | Cite as

Acaricidal activities of some essential oils and their monoterpenoidal constituents against house dust mite, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Acari: Pyroglyphidae)

  • Saad El-Zemity 
  • Hussien Rezk 
  • Saher Farok 
  • Ahmed Zaitoon 


The acaricidal activities of fourteen essential oils and fourteen of their major monoterpenoids were tested against house dust mites Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Five concentrations were used over two different time intervals 24 and 48 h under laboratory conditions. In general, it was noticed that the acaricidal effect based on LC 50 of either essential oils or monoterpenoids against the mite was time dependant. The LC 50 values were decreased by increasing of exposure time. Clove, matrecary, chenopodium, rosemary, eucalyptus and caraway oils were shown to have high activity. As for the monoterpenoids, cinnamaldehyde and chlorothymol were found to be the most effective followed by citronellol. This study suggests the use of the essential oils and their major constituents as ecofriendly biodegradable agents for the control of house dust mite, D. pteronyssinus.

Key words

Natural acaricides Essential oils Monoterpenoids House dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus 

CLC number



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saad El-Zemity 
    • 1
  • Hussien Rezk 
    • 2
  • Saher Farok 
    • 2
  • Ahmed Zaitoon 
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pesticide Chemistry, Faculty of AgricultureAlexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Economic Entomology, Faculty of AgricultureAlexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt

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