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Cantonese porcelain classification and image synthesis by ensemble learning and generative adversarial network

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Accurate recognition of modern and traditional porcelain styles is a challenging issue in Cantonese porcelain management due to the large variety and complex elements and patterns. We propose a hybrid system with porcelain style identification and image recreation modules. In the identification module, prediction of an unknown porcelain sample is obtained by logistic regression of ensembled neural networks of top-ranked design signatures, which are obtained by discriminative analysis and transformed features in principal components. The synthesis module is developed based on a conditional generative adversarial network, which enables users to provide a designed mask with porcelain elements to generate synthesized images of Cantonese porcelain. Experimental results of 603 Cantonese porcelain images demonstrate that the proposed model outperforms other methods relative to precision, recall, area under curve of receiver operating characteristic, and confusion matrix. Case studies on image creation indicate that the proposed system has the potential to engage the community in understanding Cantonese porcelain and promote this intangible cultural heritage.

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Author information

Correspondence to Yi Ji.

Additional information

Compliance with ethics guidelines

Steven Szu-Chi CHEN, Hui CUI, Ming-han DU, Tie-ming FU, Xiao-hong SUN, Yi JI, and Henry DUH declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Project supported by the Guangzhou Science and Technology Project, China (No. 2018GZMZYB17)

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Chen, S.S., Cui, H., Du, M. et al. Cantonese porcelain classification and image synthesis by ensemble learning and generative adversarial network. Front Inform Technol Electron Eng 20, 1632–1643 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1631/FITEE.1900399

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Key words

  • Cantonese porcelain
  • Classification
  • Generative adversarial network
  • Creative arts

CLC number

  • TP751