Adaptive green traffic signal controlling using vehicular communication

  • Erfan ShaghaghiEmail author
  • Mohammad Reza Jabbarpour
  • Rafidah Md Noor
  • Hwasoo Yeo
  • Jason J. Jung


The importance of using adaptive traffic signal control for figuring out the unpredictable traffic congestion in today’s metropolitan life cannot be overemphasized. The vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), as an integral component of intelligent transportation systems (ITSs), is a new potent technology that has recently gained the attention of academics to replace traditional instruments for providing information for adaptive traffic signal controlling systems (TSCSs). Meanwhile, the suggestions of VANET-based TSCS approaches have some weaknesses: (1) imperfect compatibility of signal timing algorithms with the obtained VANET-based data types, and (2) inefficient process of gathering and transmitting vehicle density information from the perspective of network quality of service (QoS). This paper proposes an approach that reduces the aforementioned problems and improves the performance of TSCS by decreasing the vehicle waiting time, and subsequently their pollutant emissions at intersections. To achieve these goals, a combination of vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications is used. The V2V communication scheme incorporates the procedure of density calculation of vehicles in clusters, and V2I communication is employed to transfer the computed density information and prioritized movements information to the road side traffic controller. The main traffic input for applying traffic assessment in this approach is the queue length of vehicle clusters at the intersections. The proposed approach is compared with one of the popular VANET-based related approaches called MC-DRIVE in addition to the traditional simple adaptive TSCS that uses the Webster method. The evaluation results show the superiority of the proposed approach based on both traffic and network QoS criteria.

Key words

Vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) Intelligent transportation systems (ITSs) Clustering Adaptive traffic signal control Traffic controller Fuel consumption 

CLC number



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Copyright information

© Zhejiang University and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erfan Shaghaghi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammad Reza Jabbarpour
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rafidah Md Noor
    • 1
  • Hwasoo Yeo
    • 3
  • Jason J. Jung
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Computer Systems and TechnologyUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Computer EngineeringIslamic Azad University, North Tehran BranchTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringKorea Advanced Institute of Science and TechnologyDaejeonKorea
  4. 4.Department of Computer EngineeringChung-Ang UniversitySeoulKorea

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