Durability performance of polymeric scrap tire fibers and its reinforced cement mortar
- 647 Downloads
In this study, cement-based application for polymeric scrap tire fibers (STF) which are hitherto used either as tire derived fuel or are disposed in landfills is explored. STF was characterized; surface morphology, organic and elemental composition of STF/crumb rubber inclusions were examined. Alkaline stability of the STF, the effects of STF on plastic shrinkage cracking, mortar microstructure and long-term durability were also analyzed. Results indicate that STF which consists mainly of polyester fiber was more stable in alkaline environment compared to commercial polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fibers. Relative to the plain reference mixture, 0.4% STF and 0.3% PET fibers reduced the plastic shrinkage crack area of mortar by 97.5 and 99.4%, respectively. While inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometer test showed that the sulfur content of the alkaline degradation test solution filtrate was <10 mg/L, scanning electron microscope–energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analyses revealed slight increases in the S/Ca and (Al + Fe)/Ca ratios of the specimens containing STF. However, these increased atomic ratios were insignificant; hence no degradation of the hardened properties of the STF reinforced specimens in terms of length expansion and loss of mechanical strength under accelerated curing condition and external sulfate attack were observed.
KeywordsScrap tire Fiber Mortar Shrinkage Durability Microstructure
The authors are grateful for the financial support extended by the Tire Stewardship British Columbia (TSBC) and Western Rubber Products, Ltd. Discussions with Mr. Nick Winter with respect to EDS analyses is also greatly appreciated.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
While Obinna Onuaguluchi has no conflicts of interest. Nemkumar Banthia has received research Grants from Tire Stewardship British Columbia (TSBC) and Western Rubber Products, Ltd.
- 1.Tire Stewardship British Columbia (TSBC) (2015) Annual report to the director, Waste Prevention. Retrieved on 22nd January 2017: from: https://www.tsbc.ca/pdf/TSBC-AnnualReport2015.pdf
- 7.Naaman AE, Wongtanakitcharoen T, Hauser G (2005) Influence of different fibers on plastic shrinkage cracking of concrete. ACI Mater J 102(1):49–58Google Scholar
- 8.Najm H, Balaguru P (2002) Effect of large-diameter polymeric fibers on shrinkage cracking of cement composites. ACI Mater J 90(4):345–351Google Scholar
- 13.ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) E1252 (2013) Standard practice for general techniques for obtaining infrared spectra for qualitative analysis. ASTM International, West ConshohockenGoogle Scholar
- 15.ASTM C39 (2015) Standard test method for compressive strength of cylindrical concrete specimens. ASTM International, West ConshohockenGoogle Scholar
- 21.Wang K, Shah SP, Phuaksuk P (2001) Plastic shrinkage cracking in concrete materials—influence of fly ash and fibers. ACI Mater J 98(6):458–464Google Scholar
- 26.Li VC, Horikoshi T, Ogawa A, Torigoe S, Saito T (2004) Micromechanics-based durability study of polyvinyl alcohol engineered cementitious composites. ACI Mater J 101(3):242–248Google Scholar