Skip to main content
Log in

Anti-vibration characteristics of rubberised reinforced concrete beams

  • Original Article
  • Published:
Materials and Structures Aims and scope Submit manuscript


The flexural and vibration properties were examined in order to evaluate the anti-vibration characteristics of rubber modified reinforced concrete beam. The rubberised mixtures were produced by replacing 5, 7.5, and 10 % by mass of the fine aggregate with 1–4 mm scrap truck tyre crumb rubber particles. A series of reinforced concrete beam (1,200 × 135 × 90 mm3) was tested in a free vibration mode and then subsequently in a four point flexural tests. The input and output signals from vibration tests were utilised to calculate various dynamic parameters such as natural frequencies, frequency response function, dynamic modulus of elasticity and damping ratio. The results showed that compared to control mixture, gradual reductions of natural frequencies in first six modes of all rubberised beams with the highest being in the mixture with 10 % rubber contents. In addition, despite the reduction in overall strength, rubberised mixtures showed flexibility under loading due to the higher energy absorption capacity of rubber particles. Compared to control mixture, the results also showed a uniform global decrease in the dynamic modulus over the span. The reduction was found as high as 26 % in the mixture with 10 % rubber content. The results indicated that the rubberised concrete exhibits better anti-vibration properties and could be a viable alternative to use as vibration attenuation material where resistance to impact or blast is required such as in railway buffers, jersey barriers (a protective concrete barrier used as a highway divider and a means of preventing access to a prohibited area) and bunkers.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Airey GD, Collop AC, Rahman MM (2004) Mechanical properties of crumb rubber modified asphalt mixtures. Proceedings of the 3rd Eurasphalt and Eurobitume Congress, vol 1, Vienna, pp. 800–812

  2. British Standard Institutions (2009) BS EN 12390-3:2009, Testing hardened concrete. Compressive strength of test specimens

  3. Eldin NN, Senouci AB (1993) Rubber tire particles as concrete aggregate. J Mater Civ Eng 5(4):478–496

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Eldin NN, Senouci AB (1992) Engineering properties of rubberized concrete. Can J Civ Eng 19(5):912–923

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Ei-dieb AS, Abdelw MM, Abdel-hameed, ME (2001) Concrete using tyre particles as aggregate. Proceedings of the international symposium organised by the concrete technology unit. ISBN: 0 7277 2995 0: Thomas Telford Publishing pp. 251–259

  6. Eldin NN, Senouci AB (1993) Rubber-tire practices as concrete aggregate. J Civ Eng Mater 5(4):478–496

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. El-Gammal A, Abdel-Gawad AK, El-Sherbini Y, Shalaby A (2010) Compressive strength of concrete utilizing waste tire rubber. J Emerg Trends Eng Appl Sci 1(1):96–99

    Google Scholar 

  8. Ewins DJ (2000) Modal testing: theory, practice and application. Research Studies Press, Baldock

    Google Scholar 

  9. Farrar C, Doebling S, Nix D (2001) Vibration-based structural damage identification. Philos Trans R Soc 359:131–149

    Article  MATH  Google Scholar 

  10. Fattuhi NI, Clark LA (1996) Cement-based materials containing shredded scrap truck tire rubber. Constr Build Mater 10(4):229–236

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Ganjian E, Khorami M, Maghsoudi A (2009) Scrap-tyre-rubber replacement for aggregate and filler in concrete. Constr Build Mater 23:1828–1836

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Guoqiang L, Michael AS, Gregory G, John E, Christopher A, Baoshan H (2004) Development of waste tire modified concrete. Cem Concr Res 34:2283–2289

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Maia NMM, Silva JMM (1998) Theoratical and experimental modal analysis. Research Studies Press, Baldock

    Google Scholar 

  14. Najim KB, Hall MR (2010) A review of the fresh/hardened properties and applications for plain- (PRC) and self-compacting rubberised concrete (SCRC). Constr Build Mater 24(11):2043–2051

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Nehdi M, Khan A (2001) Cementitious composites containing recycled tire rubber: an overview of engineering properties and potential applications. Cem Concr Aggreg, CCAGDP 23(1):3–10

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Topcu IB (1995) The properties of rubberized concretes. Cem Concr Res 25(2):304–310

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Topcu IB (1996) Assessment of the brittleness index of rubberised concretes. Cem Concr Res 2:177–183

    Google Scholar 

  18. Topcu IB, Avcular N (1997) Analysis of rubberised concrete as a composite material. Cem Concr Res 27(8):1135–1139

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Toutanji HA (1996) The use of rubber tire particles in concrete to replace mineral aggregates. Cement Concr Compos 18:135–139

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Yang YB, Lin CW (2005) Vehicle-bridge interaction dynamics and potential applications. J Sound Vib 284:205–226

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Zheng LX, Huo YS, Yuan Y (2008) Experimental investigation on dynamic properties of rubberized concrete. J Constr Building Mater 22(5):939–947

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mujib Rahman.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Rahman, M., Al-Ghalib, A. & Mohammad, F. Anti-vibration characteristics of rubberised reinforced concrete beams. Mater Struct 47, 1807–1815 (2014).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: