Advertisement

Materials and Structures

, Volume 47, Issue 7, pp 1185–1193 | Cite as

Static mechanical properties of waste rests of recycled rubber and high quality recycled rubber from crumbed tyres used as aggregate in dry consistency concretes

  • D. Flores-Medina
  • Nelson Flores MedinaEmail author
  • F. Hernández-Olivares
Original Article

Abstract

The following research is focused on establishing the differences in the re-use as aggregate in dry consistency concretes of two types of rubber obtained in the process of Tyre recycling, recycled rubber from tyres (RRT): granulated sizes (4–8 mm) of high quality recycled rubber (HQRR) and the waste of the recycling process: steel and textile fibers with rubber tracks (waste from recycled rubber, WRR). Both types were classified and added as aggregate in substitution of coarse aggregates from 20 to 100 % by volume. The physical and mechanical behavior of WRR in concretes was compared with reference concrete and series with HQRR for a future use in precast concrete pieces. In both samples a reduction of mechanical resistance occurs in proportion with the amounts of rubber of substitution, but less in serials with WRR with a successful combination of steel and textile fiber. WRR shows furthermore a reduction in properties such as workability and density, but also an increment in porosity. These facts facilitate new options for waste from RRT in concretes and therefore lower energy costs, achieving a success rate in the recycling process close to 100 %.

Keywords

Tyres Rubber Fiber Textile Recycle 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Cementos Protland Valderrivas for cement suply, Gestión Medioambiental de Neumáticos S.L. (GMN) for HQRR supply, SUFI S.A. (Grupo Sacyr-Vallehermoso) for WRR supply and to LAFARGE S.A. for stone aggregate supply.

References

  1. 1.
    Turgut P, Yesilata B (2008) Physico-mechanical and thermal performances of newly developed rubber-added bricks. Energy Build 40:679–688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sukontasukkul P, Chaikaew C (2006) Properties of concrete pedestrian block mixed with crumb rubber. Constr Build Mater 20:450–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sukontasukkul P (2009) Use of crumb rubber to improve thermal and sound properties of pre-cast concrete panel. Constr Build Mater 23:1084–1092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aiello MA et al (2009) Use of steel fibres recovered from waste tyres as reinforcement in concrete: pull-out behaviour, compressive and flexural strength. Waste Manag 29:1960–1970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sobral M et al (2003) Mechanical and acoustical characteristics of bound rubber granulate. J Mater Process Technol 142:427–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Siddique R, Naik TR (2004) Properties of concrete containing scrap-tire rubber an overview. Waste Manag 24:563–569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Benazzouk A et al (2007) Physico-mechanical properties and water absorption of cement composite containing shredded rubber wastes. Cem Concr Compos 29:732–740CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bignozzi MC, Sandrolini F (2006) Tyre rubber waste recycling in self-compacting concrete. Cem Concr Res 36:735–739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pfretzschner J et al (1996) Pantallas acústicas absorbentes realizadas con granzas de goma. Jornadas Nacionales de Acústica. TecniAcústicaGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    UNE-EN 12350-3:2009. Testing fresh concrete. Part 3: Vebe testGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    UNE-EN 12350-2:2009 Testing fresh concrete. Part 2: Slump testGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Albano C et al (2005) Influence of scrap rubber addition to Portland I concrete composites: destructive and non-destructive testing. Compos Struct 71:439–446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    UNE-EN 12504-2:2002 Testing concrete in structures—part 2: non-destructive testing—determination of rebound numberGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    UNE-EN 12390-4:2001 Testing hardened concrete—part 4: compressive strength—specification for testing machinesGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    UNE-EN 12390-5:2009 Testing hardened concrete—part 5: flexural strength of test specimensGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pierce CE, Blackwell MC (2003) Potential of scrap tire rubber as lightweight aggregate in flowable fill. Waste Manag 23:197–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hernández-Olivares F, Barluenga G (2004) Fire performance of recycled rubber-filled high-strength concrete. Cem Concr Res 34:109–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Barluenga G (2010) Fiber–matrix interaction at early ages of concrete with short fibers. Cem Concr Res 40:802–809CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Papakonstantinou CG, Tobolski MJ (2006) Use of waste tire steel beads in Portland cement concrete. Cem Concr Res 36:1686–1691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hernández-Olivares F et al (2002) Static and dynamic behaviour of recycled tyre rubber-filled concrete. Cem Concr Res 32:1587–1596CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© RILEM 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Flores-Medina
    • 1
  • Nelson Flores Medina
    • 1
    Email author
  • F. Hernández-Olivares
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónicas, E.T.S. ArquitecturaUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations