A methodology for quantifying the impact of casting procedure on anisotropy in fiber-reinforced concrete using X-ray CT

  • Tyler OeschEmail author
  • Eric Landis
  • Daniel Kuchma
Original Article


Fiber-reinforced concretes (FRCs) offer significant improvements in tensile strength and durability compared to most other concrete mixes. However, for safe and efficient use of FRC in large structures, anisotropy of fiber orientation needs to be understood and properly controlled. In this project, both cored samples extracted from a FRC slab and FRC samples cast individually in molds were assessed using X-ray computed tomography (CT) and measurements of fiber orientation were extracted from the resulting CT images. These results showed that fibers within the slab were highly anisotropic in orientation while fibers in individually cast samples showed a much more heterogeneous distribution of orientations. This indicates that fiber orientation is highly dependent on the casting process and suggests that FRC can only be safely and efficiently utilized if anisotropic fiber orientation is properly accounted for during design and optimized casting methods are used during construction.


Anisotropic fiber orientation Computed tomography Fiber-reinforced concrete UHPC Hessian analysis Order parameter 



This research was funded by the US Army Military Engineering Basic Research (6.1) program under the Material Modeling for Force Protection work package. This work package was directly managed by the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) in Vicksburg, MS, USA.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© RILEM 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing)BerlinGermany
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of MaineOronoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringTufts UniversityMedfordUSA

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