Materials and Structures

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 437–453 | Cite as

Improvement of the early-age reactivity of fly ash and blast furnace slag cementitious systems using limestone filler

  • Pierre MounangaEmail author
  • Muhammad Irfan Ahmad Khokhar
  • Rana El Hachem
  • Ahmed Loukili
Original Article


This article analyzes the effects of the addition of limestone filler on the hydration rate, setting times and early-age mechanical properties of binary and ternary-binder mortars containing Portland cement, blast furnace slag (BFS) and fly ash (FA), with various substitution rates of cement with mineral additions going up to 50%. Vicat needle penetration tests and measurements of heat flow of reaction, compressive strength and dynamic Young’s modulus were carried out on 14 mortars prepared with binary and ternary binders, at 20°C. The results obtained on the mortars containing binary binders, show that their loss of mechanical strength at early age is not caused by a deceleration of the reactions of cement in the presence of mineral additions, but is mainly explained by the dilution effect related to the reduction in cement content. A moderate addition of limestone filler (8–17%) makes it possible to obtain ternary binders with early-age reactivity equal or even higher than that of Portland cement, and with 28-days mechanical resistance close to those of the binary-binder mortars. This accelerating effect of limestone filler is particularly sensitive in the case of mortars containing FA.


Granulated blast-furnace slag Fly ash Limestone filler Binary and ternary binders Early-age reactivity 



This study was achieved in the framework of the research project ANR/RGCU ECO2BETON. The authors would like to extend their appreciation and gratitude for the financial support provided by the National Research Agency. The authors are also grateful to Naim Joubran, for his assistance in conducting the isothermal microcalorimetry tests.


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Copyright information

© RILEM 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre Mounanga
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammad Irfan Ahmad Khokhar
    • 2
  • Rana El Hachem
    • 2
  • Ahmed Loukili
    • 2
  1. 1.GeM, UMR CNRS 6183—Research Institute on Civil Engineering and MechanicsUniversity of Nantes—IUT Saint-NazaireSaint-Nazaire CedexFrance
  2. 2.GeM, UMR CNRS 6183—Research Institute on Civil Engineering and MechanicsCentrale NantesNantes Cedex 3France

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