Materials and Structures

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 301–310 | Cite as

Cathodic protection of steel framed masonry structures: experimental and numerical studies

  • P. Lambert
  • P. S. Mangat
  • F. J. O’Flaherty
  • Y.-Y. Wu
Original Article

Abstract

Many high-profile steel-framed masonry buildings are susceptible to extensive damage as a result of corrosion of the steel frame. This has resulted in serious consequences with respect to serviceability, safety, aesthetics and heritage. Cathodic protection (CP) is a proven method for preventing and protecting buried and submerged steel and reinforced concrete structures from corrosion. More recently, the method has been introduced to prevent and control corrosion in steel-framed masonry structures. However, despite several sizeable CP installations around the world, there are no formal guidelines for the design, installation and operation of such systems and much of the knowledge is based on empirical observations. This paper presents both experimental and numerical studies on the cathodic protection of representative steel framed masonry structures. These studies are considered essential in the understanding of the mechanisms of cathodic protection and the design of optimised cathodic protection systems for such structures.

Keywords

Corrosion Steel frame Cathodic protection Impressed current Numerical modelling 

References

  1. 1.
    Atkins CP, Lambert P, Coull ZL (2002) Cathodic protection of steel framed heritage structures. Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Durability Building Materials Components, Australia, 11 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Davy H (1825) On the corrosion of copper sheeting by seawater, and on methods of preventing this effect, and on their application to ships of war and other ships. Proc R Soc 114: 151–246, 1824 and 115: 328–346Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Heuze B (1965) Cathodic protection of steel in prestressed concrete. Mater Perform 11:57–62Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Stratfull RF (1974) Experimental cathodic protection of a bridge deck, Transportation Research Record 500. Transportation Research Board, Washington DC, USAGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lambert P, Wu Y-Y (2005) Electrochemical methods for the preservation of masonry clad structural frames, Maritime Heritage and Modern Ports. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Maritime Heritage, Barcelona, pp 219–228Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wu Y-Y (2005) Cathodic protection of steel framed masonry structures. PhD Thesis, Sheffield Hallam University, UKGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    NACE Standard RP 0290-2000 (2000) Impressed current cathodic protection of reinforcing steel in atmospherically exposed concrete structures, 12 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    European Standard EN 12696:2000 (2000) Cathodic protection of steel in concrete, 40 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hassanein AM, Glass GK, Buenfeld NR (2002) Potential current distribution in reinforced concrete cathodic protection systems. Cem Conc Comp 24:159–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gartland PO, Johnsen R (1985) COMCAPS-Computer modelling of cathodic protection systems, NACE Corrosion ’85. Paper 319Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Adey RA, Niku SM, Brebbia CA, Finnegan J (1985) Computer aided design of cathodic protection, Boundary Element Methods VII. Villa Olmo, Lake Como, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zamani NG (1986) Boundary element simulation of cathodic protection system in prototype ship, Appl Math Comput 26(2):118–134Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Adey RA, Niku SM (1992) Computational modelling of corrosion using boundary element methods. In: Computer modelling in corrosion, STP 1154, ASTM, Philadephia, USA, pp 248–263Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Broomfield JP (1997) Corrosion of steel in concrete: understanding, investigation and repair. E & FN Spon, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Brebbia CA (1978) The boundary element method for engineers. Pentech Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Brebbia CA, Dominguez J (1989) The boundary elements—san introductory course. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Press WH (1992) Numerical recipe in Fortran: the art of scientific computing. Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© RILEM has copyright 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Lambert
    • 1
  • P. S. Mangat
    • 1
  • F. J. O’Flaherty
    • 1
  • Y.-Y. Wu
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Infrastructure ManagementSheffield Hallam UniversitySheffieldUK
  2. 2.CAPCISManchesterUK

Personalised recommendations