Skip to main content

A study of formability of palm leaf materials using Limiting Dome Height testing

Abstract

Deformation response of Areca catechu palm leaf-sheath under biaxial stretching is evaluated using Limiting Dome Height (LDH) testing. It is shown that the leaf material has high formability, with biaxial limit strains ~ 0.4, comparable to that of ductile sheet metals. Hydration of the leaf-sheath prior to the forming increases the limit strains by approximately 500% and lowers deformation forces by up to 85%. The potential of the LDH test for characterizing the stretch-forming response of plant materials is also demonstrated. Implications for single-step forming of plant leaf materials into products and manufacturing of eco-friendly foodware are discussed.

Graphical abstract

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4

Data availability

The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

References

  1. 1.

    R. Geyer, J.R. Jambeck, K.L. Law, Production, use, and fate of all plastics ever made. Sci. Adv. 3(7), e1700782 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    P. Kalita, U.S. Dixit, P. Mahanta, U.K. Saha, A novel energy efficient machine for plate manufacturing from areca palm leaf sheath. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 67, 807–811 (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    V. Raghavan, H.K. Baruah, Arecanut: India’s popular masticatory—history, chemistry and utilization. Econ. Bot. 12(4), 315–345 (1958)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Staples GW, Bevacqua RF. Areca catechu (betel nut palm). In Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry (Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, 2006), pp. 1–17.

  5. 5.

    A.L. Andrady, Microplastics in the marine environment. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 62(8), 1596–1605 (2011)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    D.P. Mohanty, A. Udupa, A.R.A. Chandra, K. Viswanathan, J.B. Mann, K.P. Trumble, S. Chandrasekar, Mechanical behavior and high formability of palm leaf materials. Adv. Energy Sustain. Res. 2(4), 2000080 (2021)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    L.J. Gibson, M.F. Ashby, B.A. Harley, Cellular Materials in Nature and Medicine (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2010)

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    P.B. Tomlinson, The Structural Biology of Palms (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1990)

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    S.P. Keeler, W.A. Backhofen, Plastic instability and fracture in sheet stretched over rigid punches. ASM Trans. 56(11), 25–48 (1963)

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Z. Marciniak, J. Duncan, Mechanics of Sheet Metal Forming (Edward Arnold, London, 1991)

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    R.C. Hill, A theory of the plastic bulging of a metal diaphragm by lateral pressure. Philos. Mag. 41(322), 1133–1142 (1950)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    J.R. Davis (ed.), Copper and Copper Alloys (ASM International, Materials Park, 2001)

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    S.L. Semiatin (ed.), Metalworking: Sheet Forming (ASM International, Materials Park, 2006)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge B.V. Prashanth Kumar for arranging an industrial visit to Omkara Ventures, Tumkur, India and for showing us the commercial areca-leaf forming process. The work was supported in part by NSF CMMI Award 2100568.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Debapriya Pinaki Mohanty.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

We declare we do not have any conflict of interest.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mohanty, D.P., Udupa, A., Anilchandra, A.R. et al. A study of formability of palm leaf materials using Limiting Dome Height testing. MRS Communications 11, 662–668 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1557/s43579-021-00094-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Biomaterial
  • Microstructure
  • Ductility
  • Sustainability