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High-entropy ceramics: Propelling applications through disorder

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Abstract

Disorder enhances desired properties, as well as creating new avenues for synthesizing materials. For instance, hardness and yield stress are improved by solid-solution strengthening, a result of distortions and atomic-size mismatches. Thermochemical stability is increased by the preference of chemically disordered mixtures for high-symmetry superlattices. Vibrational thermal conductivity is decreased by force-constant disorder without sacrificing mechanical strength and stiffness. Thus, high-entropy ceramics propel a wide range of applications: from wear-resistant coatings and thermal and environmental barriers to catalysts, batteries, thermoelectrics, and nuclear energy management. Here, we discuss recent progress of the field, with a particular emphasis on disorder-enhanced properties and applications.

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Acknowledgments

The authors thank X. Campilongo, E. Zurek, W. Fahrenholtz, D. Wolfe, and D. Schlom for valuable discussions. Research sponsored by DOD-ONR (N00014-15-1-2863, N00014-21-1-2515) and NSF (DMR-1921909, DGE-2022040).

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Toher, C., Oses, C., Esters, M. et al. High-entropy ceramics: Propelling applications through disorder. MRS Bulletin 47, 194–202 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1557/s43577-022-00281-x

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