The authors report effects of placing a very thin metallic interlayer, such as W and Ni, in between the Cu film and the Si substrate on cyclic thermal stress-induced interfacial sliding and hillock growth in Cu. Cu-Si samples with no interlayer were the most prone to both interfacial sliding and hillock growth, whereas samples with the Ni interlayer were the most resistant against these deleterious phenomena. While the rate of interfacial sliding decreased with each consecutive thermal cycle, hillocks continued to grow undeterred. The obtained experimental results are discussed, considering the compressive stress field generated in the Cu film.
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The authors thank the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India for financial support (DSTO #1164 and #1526).
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Somaiah, N., Kanjilal, A. & Kumar, P. Effects of an interfacial layer on stress relaxation mechanisms active in the Cu-Si thin film system during thermal cycling. MRS Communications 10, 164–172 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1557/mrc.2020.6