This paper presents the results of giant magnetoresistance (GMR), magnetic and microstructural investigations of sputter-deposited Co/Cu multilayers. The multilayers were designed to be at the second maximum of the oscillatory exchange coupling and were deposited onto a range of ion beam irradiated (111) Si substrates giving a transition from a random orientation to a highly oriented (111) texture. The randomly oriented multilayers exhibited mixed coupling and ∼20% GMR, which had components arising from irreversible and reversible magnetization changes, whereas the highly oriented (111) multilayers were almost completely ferromagnetically coupled and showed very little GMR.
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Pollard, R., Wilson, M. & Grundy, P. Microstructure and Gmr in (111) Sputter-Deposited Co/Cu Multilayers. MRS Online Proceedings Library 384, 365–370 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-384-365