A detailed ESR study has been performed on porous silicon on both <100> and <111> p-type silicon substrates prepared using anodization in HF under a range of conditions and the results are correlated with the light emission properties. It is found that the ESR spectra are dependent upon the orientation of the samples. The ESR defect centers are identified to be the Pb centers or Pb0 centers of the Si-SiO2 system from the g-value anisotropy maps. The variation of the spin density Ns with annealing conditions has also been studied for samples annealed either in nitrogen or oxygen ambient at 200°C for various time intervals. It is concluded that the increase or decrease of Ns are due to the generation or elimination of the Pb or Pb0 centers in conjunction with the oxidation process during annealing. From PL study of these samples, it is found that there is no simple correlation between the spin density and the PL intensity. However, a blue shift in the PL peak position was observed both in samples after a post-annealing etch in HF solution, and in samples annealed in oxygen without a post-annealing etch. This blue shift supports the quantum confinement model of light emission from porous silicon.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
C. Pickering, M.I. Beale, D.J. Robbins, P.J. Pearson, and R. Greef, J. Phys. C17, 6535 (1984).
L.T. Canham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1046 (1990).
M.S. Brandt, H.D. Fuchs, M. Stutzmann, J. Weber and M. Cardona, Solid State Comm. 81, 307 (1992).
M.A. Tischler, R.T. Collins, J.H. Stathis, J.C. Tsang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 639 (1992).
N. Ookubo, H. Ono, Y. Ochiai, Y. Mochizuki, S. Matsui, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 940 (1992).
V. Petrova-Koch, T. Muschik, A. Kux, B.K. Meyer, F. Koch, V. Lehmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 943 (1992).
S.M. Prokes, W.E. Carlos, V.M. Bermudez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1447 (1992).
Yong Yun Kim and P.M. Lenahan, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 3551 (1988).
E.H. Poindexter, P.J. Caplan, B.E. Deal, R.R. Razouk, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 879 (1981).
G.J. Gerardi, E.H. Poindexter, P.J. Caplan, N.M. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 348 (1986).
A. Nakajima, T. Itakura, S. Watanabe, N. Nakayama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 46 (1992).
This work is partially supported by Croucher Foundation, Hong Kong.
About this article
Cite this article
Cheung, W.Y., Wong, S.P., Wilson, I.H. et al. ESR Study of Porous Silicon. MRS Online Proceedings Library 283, 155–160 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-283-155