Lithium titanium oxide (Li4Ti5O12) spinels are promising negative electrode materials for application in energy technology. In this work, we have synthesized Li4Ti5O12 and investigated its structure, electronic properties, and electrochemical features using several analytical spectroscopy and microscopy techniques. The equally spaced lattice fringes obtained using by the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) along with electron diffraction reveal that the grown Li4Ti5O12 is well crystallized in the spinel structure without any indication of crystallographic defects such as dislocations or misfits. The electronic structure determination using high-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) coupled with compositional studies using energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) indicate excellent chemical quality of the Li4Ti5O12. Under the optimal synthetic condition, the sample delivers a discharge capacity of 161 mAh/g at C/12. The good cyclability of Li4Ti5O12 is attributed to the small expansion (δV≈1%) of the elementary unit-cell.
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Ramana, C.V., Utsunomiya, S., Ewing, R.C. et al. Synthesis, Structure, and Electrochemical Properties of Li4Ti5O12. MRS Online Proceedings Library 973, 509 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-0973-BB05-09