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Community Ecology

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 220–226 | Cite as

Plant species diversity in dry coastal dunes of the southern Baltic coast

  • J. PeyratEmail author
  • A. Fichtner
Article
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Abstract

This study describes plant species diversity in well preserved dry coastal dune systems along the southern Baltic coast. Variations in diversity and in distributional character of plant species and plant communities throughout the study areas result mainly because of the interplay between plant succession, exposure, disturbance and resource availability. Environmental indicator values, used to describe dynamics in dune habitats, show a decline of light and temperature with increased distance to the sea, accompanied by higher soil moisture due to accumulation of organic matter. Species richness and species diversity showed a humped-shaped curve along a coast-to-inland gradient. The highest species richness of vascular plants and cryp-togamic species were found in plant communities of grey dunes at intermediate levels of environmental and disturbance gradients, which confirms the intermediate disturbance theory.

Keywords

Biodiversity Environmental Coastal zonation Heterogeneity Vegetation dynamics 

Nomenclature

Flora Europaea (Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 2009) for vascular plants Hill (2008) for bryophytes and Santesson et al. (2004) for lichens the International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature for plant communities (Weber et al. 2000, see Berg et al. 2004) 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2019

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecology CentreUniversity of KielKielGermany

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