Community Ecology

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 84–90 | Cite as

Is soil salinity one of the major determinants of community structure under arid environments?

  • N. Naz
  • M. HameedEmail author
  • M. Sajid Aqeel Ahmad
  • M. Ashraf
  • M. Arshad


Five distinct habitats along salinity gradient were explored for plant ecological attributes including soil plant interaction, vegetation composition and species distribution in the Cholistan desert. Higher saline sites supported Sporobolus ioclados with Aeluropus lagopoides, Cymbopogon jwarancusa, Ochthochloa compressa, Haloxylon recurvum and Suaeda fruticosa, whereas moderately saline habitats supported predominantly Fagonia indica, C. jwarancusa and O. compressa. The community structure and composition of each habitat type were very specific, the most dominant component being S. ioclados. Each species has very specific relation to different environmental variables, and this reflects the habitat status, ecological adaptations and stress tolerance degree of the individual species. On the whole, it can be concluded that salinity alone was not responsible for the distribution of species at salt affected habitats.


CCA Halophytes Soil pH Soil salinity Species distribution 


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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2010

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Naz
    • 1
  • M. Hameed
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Sajid Aqeel Ahmad
    • 1
  • M. Ashraf
    • 1
    • 3
  • M. Arshad
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies (CIDS)BahawalpurPakistan
  3. 3.King Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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