Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 396–404 | Cite as

Evaluation of Fusarium Head Blight Resistance in Wheat under High Infection Pressure in Field Conditions

  • J. ChrpováEmail author
  • V. Šíp
  • L. Štočková
  • V. Dumalasová


Resistance of 28 winter wheat cultivars registered in the Czech Republic and ten potential sources of resistance to Fusarium head blight (FHB) was evaluated after artificial inoculation with Fusarium culmorum in field trials lasting for three years (2008, 2009, 2010). The data on deoxynivalenol (DON) content were supplemented by symptom scores and determination of% of Fusarium damaged grains and% reductions of grain weight per spike due to infection. The examined traits were significantly interrelated and showed high variation in all years. Significantly lower DON content, combined with relatively lower manifestation of the disease was observed in the modern, commercially grown cultivars Bakfis, Graindor, Sakura and Bodycek (catalogued in the Official Journal of EU), besides Novokrymka 102, PI 166910 (line resistant to dwarf and common bunt) and Arina, which could be effectively used in resistance breeding. However, the experiments performed under high infection pressure were also able to reveal high susceptibility to FHB in some commercially grown wheat cultivars, which may pose a serious threat to wheat production.


Fusarium head blight deoxynivalenol resistance winter wheat Triticum aestivum


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Badea, A., Eudes, F., Graf, R.J., Laroche, A., Gaudet, D.A., Sadasivaiah, R.S. 2008. Phenotypic and marker-assisted evaluation of spring and winter wheat germplasm for resistance to fusarium head blight. Euphytica 164:803–819.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bártová, Š., Šíp, V., Chrpová, J., Štočková, L. 2010. Implications for Fusarium head blight control from the survey of DON content in wheat grain samples collected in the Czech Republic. Úroda 58:8–10. (in Czech)Google Scholar
  3. Brennan, J.M., Egan, D., Cooke, B.M., Doohan, F.M. 2005. Effect of temperature on head blight of wheat caused by Fusarium culmorum and F. graminearum. Plant Pathol. 54:156–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chrpová, J., Šíp, V., Matějová, E., Sýkorová, S. 2007. Resistance of winter wheat varieties registered in the Czech Republic to mycotoxin accumulation in grain following inoculation with Fusarium culmorum. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed. 43:44–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chrpová, J., Šíp, V., Štočková, L., Milec, Z., Bobková, L. 2010. Resistance of winter wheat varieties registered in the Czech Republic to Fusarium head blight in relation to the presence of specific Rht alleles. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed. 46:122–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dumalasová, V., Bartoš, P. 2006. Wheat reaction to common bunt in the field and in the greenhouse. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed. 42 (Special Issue):37–41.Google Scholar
  7. Gervais, L., Dedryver, F., Morlais, J.Y., Bodusseau, V., Negre, S., Bilous, M., Groos, C., Trottet, M. 2003. Mapping of quantitative trait loci for field resistance to Fusarium head blight in an European winter wheat. Theor. Appl. Genet. 106:961–970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Goral, T. 2005. Sources of wheat resistance to fusarium head blight caused by Fusarium culmorum (W.G. Smith) Sacc. Biuletyn Instytutu Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roslin 235:115–131.Google Scholar
  9. Gosman, N., Bayles, R., Jennings, P., Kirby, J., Nicholson, P. 2007. Evaluation and characterization of resistance to fusarium head blight caused by Fusarium culmorum in UK winter wheat cultivars. Plant Pathol. 56:264–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Groth, J., Tamburic-Ilincic, L., Schaafsma, A., Brûlé-Babel, A., Hartl, L. 2011. FHB resistance of winter wheat from Canada and Europe estimated across multi-environments after inoculation with two deoxynivalenol producing Fusarium species. Cereal Res. Commun. 39:189–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Holzapfel, J., Voss, H.-H., Miedaner, T., Korzun, V., Häberle, J., Schweizer, G., Mohler, V., Zimmermann, G., Hartl, L. 2008. Inheritance of resistance to Fusarium head blight in three European winter wheat populations. Theor. Appl. Genet. 117:1119–1128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ittu, M., Saulescu, N.N., Ittu, G., Moldovan, M. 2002. Approaches in breeding wheat for resistance to Fusarium head blight (FHB) in Romania. Petria 12:67–72.Google Scholar
  13. Klahr, A., Zimmermann, G., Wenzel, G., Mohler, V. 2007. Effects of environment, disease progress, plant height and heading date on the detection of QTLs for resistance to Fusarium head blight in a European winter wheat cross. Euphytica 154:17–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kosová, K., Chrpová, J., Šíp, V. 2009. Cereal resistance to fusarium head blight and possibilities of its improvement through breeding. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed. 45:87–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mesterházy, Á. 1995. Types and components of resistance to Fusarium head blight of wheat. Plant Breed. 114:377–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mesterházy, Á. 2003a. Control of Fusarium head blight of wheat by fungicides. In: Leonard, K.T., Bushnell, W.R. (eds), Fusarium Head Blight of Wheat and Barley. APS Press, St. Paul, MN, USA, pp. 363–380.Google Scholar
  17. Mesterházy, Á., Bartók, T., Lamper, C. 2003b. Influence of wheat cultivar, species of Fusarium, and isolate aggressiveness on the efficacy of fungicides for control of Fusarium head blight. Plant Dis. 87:1107–1115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mesterházy, Á., Bartók, T., Kászonyi, G., Varga, M., Tóth, B., Varga, J. 2005. Common resistance to different Fusarium spp. causing Fusarium head blight in wheat. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 112:267–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mesterházy, Á., Tóth, B., Bartók, T., Varga, M. 2008. Breeding strategies against FHB in winter wheat and their relation to type I. resistance. Cereal Res. Commun. 36B:37–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Paillard, S., Schnurbusch, T., Tiwari, R., Messmer, M., Winzeler, M., Keller, B., Schachermayr, G. 2004. QTL analysis of resistance to Fusarium head blight in Swiss winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Theor. Appl. Genet. 109:323–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Puskás, K., Vida, G., Komaromi, J., Veisz, O., Bedo, Z. 2004. Field resistance of Martonvasar winter wheat cultivars against fusarium head blight. Acta Agron. Hung. 52:351–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Schmolke, M., Zimmermann, G., Buerstmayr, H., Schweizer, G., Miedaner, T., Korzun, V., Ebmeyer, E., Hartl, L. 2005. Molecular mapping of Fusarium head blight resistance in the winter wheat population Dream/Lynx. Theor. Appl. Genet. 111:747–756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Schmolke, M., Kalb, O., Schoen, C.C., Schondelmaier, J., Weyen, J., Grot, J., Schweizer, G., Hartl, L., Buerstmayr, H., Wenzel, G. 2011. Characterization of resistance to Fusarium head blight in European winter wheat by means of genome wide association analyses. In: Book of Abstracts of the 1st Congress of Cereal Biotechnology and Breeding, May 24–27, 2011, Szeged, Hungary, pp. 26–27.Google Scholar
  24. Šíp, V., Sýkorová, S., Stuchlíková, E., Chrpová, J. 2002. The effect of infection with Fusarium culmorum L. on deoxynivalenol content in grain of selected winter wheat varieties. J. Appl. Genet. 43A:319–332.Google Scholar
  25. Šíp, V., Chrpová, J., Svobodová, L., Sýkorová, S., Kučera, L., Ovesná, J. 2007. Effects of genotype, environment and fungicide treatment on development of Fusarium head blight and accumulation of DON in winter wheat grain. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed. 43:16–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Šíp, V., Chrpová, J., Veškrna, O., Bobková, L. 2010. The impact of cultivar resistance and fungicide treatment on mycotoxin content in grain and yield losses caused by Fusarium head blight in wheat. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed. 46:21–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Váňová, M., Tvarůžek, L., Hrabalová, H. 2001. Reaction of winter wheat varieties to Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum in field infection trials and the efficacy of fungicides. Plant Protect. Sci. 37:66–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wiśniewska, H., Perkowski, J., Kaczmarek, Z. 2004. Scab response and deoxynivalenol accumulation in spring wheat kernels of different geographical origins following inoculation with Fusarium culmorum. J. Phytopathol. 152:613–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zwart, R.S., Muylle, H., Van Huylenbroeck, J., Van Bockstaele, E., Roldán-Ruiz, I. 2008. Combining ability analysis of Fusarium head blight resistance in western European wheat lines. Euphytica 162:449–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Chrpová
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. Šíp
    • 1
  • L. Štočková
    • 1
  • V. Dumalasová
    • 1
  1. 1.Crop Research Institute PragueRuzyněCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations