Advertisement

Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 296–303 | Cite as

Clothianidin, a New Neonicotinoid Insecticide for the Management of Foliar Aphid Complex of Wheat in India and Its Safety to Coccinellid Predators

  • K. Srinivasa BabuEmail author
  • Beant Singh
  • B. Mhaske
  • A. Sharma
Article

Abstract

Foliar aphid complex is becoming a major constraint of wheat production in India. The only option available to manage them is the use of insecticides. In this endeavor, the All India Coordinated Wheat and Barley Improvement Programme (AICW&BIP) has recommended traditional insecticides viz., dimethoate, oxydemeton methyl etc. Insecticide resistance and dearth of new molecules created a need to identify newer molecules for wheat aphid control. Recently, the neonicotinoids, viz., imidacloprid and thiamethoxam were recommended for the control of foliar aphids by the AICW&BIP. To broaden the base of these molecules, clothianidin, a new molecule, belonging to the neonicotinoids was evaluated at three locations viz., Ludhiana, Karnal and Niphad for two years. It was found that the new molecule was highly effective at 35 g/ha in controlling the foliar aphids and reducing the yield losses. The new molecule was found safe under field conditions but in vitro studies showed that it was relatively toxic to the coccinellid beetles. The feeding preference study showed that the treated leaves were not fed by aphids up to seven days after treatment. No phytotoxicity was observed on the plants even when they were sprayed at very high concentrations.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anonymous 2006. Package of practices for crops of Punjab. Rabi. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India, pp. 1–20.Google Scholar
  2. Cloyd, R.A., Dickinson, A. 2006. Effect of insecticides on mealybug destroyer (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and parasitoid Leptomastix dactylopii (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), natural enemies of citrus mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae). J. Economic Entomol. 99:1596–1604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cutler, G., Christopher, S.D., Cynthia, D. 2007. Exposure to clothianidin seed-treated canola has no long-term impact on honey bees. J. Economic Entomol. 100:765–772.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Frank, J.B., Nick C.T., Anthony, A.U., Joseph, G.M. 2007. Toxicity of systemic neonicotinoid insecticides to avocado thrips in nursery avocado trees. Pest Management Sci. 63:860–866.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Heinrichs, E.A. 1986. Perspectives and directions for the continued development of insect-resistant rice varieties. Agricult., Ecosystems and the Environ. 18:9–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Mhaske, B.M., Pardeshi, S.R., Bhoite, K.D., Rasal, P.N. 2007. Biosafety of coccinellid predators and chemical control of wheat aphids. Agricult. Sci. Digest. 27:264–266.Google Scholar
  7. Patil, S.D., Rasal, P.N., Babu, K.S., Shambharkar, D.A., Game, B.C. 2009. Efficacy of different newer chemicals and seed treatment against foliage feeding wheat aphids. Int. J. Plant Protec. 2:271–275.Google Scholar
  8. Plapp, F.W. Jr., Vinson S.B. 1977. Comparitive toxicities of some insecticides to the tobacco budworm and its Ichneumonid parasite, Campoletis sonorensis (Cameron). Environ. Entomol. 6:381–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Vastrad, A.S. 2003. Neonicotinoids — Current success and future outlook. Pestology 27:60–63.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Srinivasa Babu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Beant Singh
    • 2
  • B. Mhaske
    • 3
  • A. Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.Directorate of Wheat ResearchKarnalIndia
  2. 2.Department of Genetics and Plant BreedingPAULudhiana PunjabIndia
  3. 3.Agricultural Research StationNiphadIndia

Personalised recommendations