Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 285–295 | Cite as

Relative Nitrogen Translocation and Accumulation in Grain of Winter Wheat Cultivars

  • M. UzikEmail author
  • A. Zofajova
  • M. Bolvanský


Field experiments with 12 winter wheat cultivars differing in N grain concentration were carried out during the vegetative years 2004/05 and 2005/06 using three variants of N fertilization (N1 = 0 kg N ha−1, N2 = 100 kg N ha−1, N3 = 200 kg N ha−1). The aim was to determine the effect of cultivar, N fertilization and weather conditions of the respective years on the relative N translocation and grain quality. Biomass N concentration at the stages of heading (Nbh) and maturity (Nbm), grain N concentration (Ng) and straw N concentration (Nv) were determined. The decrease of N concentration in vegetative biomass during grain filling Nv / Nbh was denoted as a relative N translocation — RNT and ratio Ng / Nv as a relative N accumulation — RNA. Low differences in Nbh and Nbm were observed between years and significant difference in Ng and Nv was due to different RNT and RNA efficiency. In the year with low RNT efficiency, Nv was high and Ng and RNA low. N fertilization increased biomass N concentration, more in the vegetative organs than generative ones. Higher N rates decreased efficiency of fertilization which was expressed in RNT and RNA decrease. In the year with low RNT efficiency, the decrease of fertilizer efficiency had a multiplier effect. Cultivars have differed in Nv, Ng, RNT and RNA but their response to N fertilization was similar. Only some cultivars (Zlatka, Renan and Tamaro) possessed N grain concentration answering food end-use without N fertilization but only in the year favourable for N translocation. Certain cultivars (Sonata and Malyska) did not have food quality at all, not even at rate 200 kg N ha−1. Straw N concentration depended strongly on the cultivar efficiency of decreasing N concentration in vegetative biomass during grain filling (RNT). On the contrary, a negative relationship was observed between straw N concentration and Nbh. Cultivars with high RNT efficiency had low Nv, high Ng and high RNA. Possibilities of utilization RNT and RNA as selection criterions on high Ng were recommended.


N fertilization winter wheat cultivars relative N translocation relative N accumulation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arduini, I., Masoni, A., Ercole, L., Mariotti, M. 2006. Grain yield, and dry matter and nitrogen accumulation and remobilization in durum wheat as affected by variety and seeding rate. Eur. J. Agron. 25:309–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aynehband, A., Moezi, A. A., Sabet, M. 2010. Agronomic assessment of grain yield and nitrogen loss and gain of old and modern wheat cultivars under warm climate. African J. of Agricult. Res. 5:222–229.Google Scholar
  3. Barbottin, A., Lecompte, C., Bouchard, C., Jeuffroy, M.H. 2005. Nitrogen remobilization during grain filling in wheat: Genotypic and environmental effects. Crop Sci. 45:1141–1150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Calderini, D.F., Torres-León, S., Slafer, G.A. 1995. Consequences of wheat breeding on nitrogen and phosphorus yield, grain nitrogen and phosphorus concentration and associated traits. Ann. Bot. 76:315–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cartelle, J., Pedro, A., Savin, R., Slafer, G.A. 2006. Grain weight responses to postanthesis spikelet-trimming in an old and modern wheat under Mediterranean conditions. Eur. J. Agron. 25:365–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dordas, Ch. 2009. Dry matter, nitrogen and phosphorus accumulation, partitioning as affected by N and P fertilization and source-sink relations. Eur. J. Agronomy 30:129–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ercoli, L., Arduini, I., Mariotti, A., Masoni, A. 2010. Post-anthesis dry matter and nitrogen dynamics in durum wheat as affected by nitrogen and temperature during grain filling. Cereal Res. Commun. 38:294–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ercoli, L., Lulli, L., Mariotti, A., Masoni, A., Arduini, I. 2008. Post-anthesis dry matter and nitrogen dynamics in durum wheat as affected by nitrogen supply and soil water availability. Eur. J. Agron. 28:138–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kade, M., Barneix, A.J., Olmos, S. 2005. Nitrogen uptake and remobilization in tetraploid “Langdon” durum wheat and recombinant substitution line with the high grain protein gene Gpc-B1. Plant Breed. 124:343–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Moll, R.H., Kamprath, E.J., Jackson, W.A. 1982. Analysis and interpretation of factors which contribute to efficiency of nitrogen utilization. Agron. J. 74:562–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Przulj, N., Momcilovic, V. 2001. Genetic variation for dry matter and nitrogen accumulation and translocation in two rowed spring barley. I. Dry matter translocation. Eur. J. Agron. 15:129–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Tashir, I.S.A., Nakata, N. 2005. Remobilization of nitrogen and carbohydrate from stems of bread wheat in response to heat stress during grain filling. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 191:106–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Uzik, M., Zofajova, A. 2000. Chlorophyll and nitrogen content in leaves of winter wheat at different genotypes and fertilization. Rostlinná výroba 46:237–244.Google Scholar
  14. Uzik, M., Zofajova, A. 2006. Translocation and accumulation of dry matter in winter wheat genotypes. Cereal Res. Commun. 34:1013–1020.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Uzik, M., Zofajova, A. 2009. Response of winter wheat cultivars to N fertilization in grain yield and its components. Pol’nohospodárstvo (Agriculture) 55:171–182.Google Scholar
  16. Uzik, M., Zofajova, A. 2011. Progress in accumulation and translocation of nitrogen in winter wheat cultivars released in the years 1921–2003. Cereal Res. Commun. (in press)Google Scholar
  17. Xu, Z.Z., Yu, Z.W., Wang, D. 2006. Nitrogen translocation in wheat plants under soil water deficit. Plant and Soil 280:291–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Xu, Z.Z., Yu, Z.W., Wang, D., Zhang, Y.L. 2005. Nitrogen accumulation and translocation for winter wheat under different irrigation regimes. J.Agron. Crop Sci. 191:439–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PPRC Piestany - Plant Production Research Institute PiestanyBratislavskaSlovakia
  2. 2.Slovak Academy of Sciences Institute of Forest EcologyNitraSlovakia

Personalised recommendations