Experiments were carried out with wheat varieties GK Garaboly, GK Kalász, GK Verecke, GK Petur sown at the Öthalom experimental station of the Cereal Research Non-Profit Ltd. in monoculture, in a four-parallel random block design. NPK fertilizer treatments of different level were combined with Artea + Amistar Xtra fungicide treatments of increasing doses and spectrum.
The fertilizer and fertilizer + fungicide treatments had a statistically reliable effect at the 0.1% level on the technological water absorption only while it was indifferent on the values such as wet gluten content, gluten spreading, baking value and falling number. On annual level reliable treatment × variety interactions could be detected for each characteristic compared to control.
Increasing fertilizer doses tendentiously improved the values of wet gluten, baking value and technological water absorbance. In the case of certain treatment combinations, however, these values exhibited a tendentious decrease as the counter-effect of fungicides applied at the heading stage of development. Our results revealed that the baking quality of grains was determined by the common effect of various doses of fertilizers and fungicides Artea and Amistar Xtra applied at heading. This counter-effect proved to be unfavourable in the case of certain baking characteristics.
Six different alleles or allelic pairs were revealed in the sample of genotypes — 1, 2* (locus Glu-A1), 6 + 8, 7 + 8 and 7 + 9 (locus Glu-B1) and 5 + 10 (Glu-D1). Quality scores for the wheat cultivar varied from 8 to 10. Cultivar GK Kalász had the highest quality score 10.
Draper, S.R. 1987. ISTA variety committee. Report of the working group for biochemical tests for cultivar identification 1983–1986. Seed Sci. Technol. 15:431–434.
Gooding, M.J., Smith, S.P., Davies, W.P., Kettlewell, P.S. 1994. Effects of late-season applications of propiconazole and tridemorph on disease, senescence, grain development and the breadmaking quality of winter wheat. Crop Protec. 13:362–370.
Hoffmann, S., Debreceni, K., Hoffmann, B., Nagy, E. 2006. Grain yield and baking quality of wheat as affected by cropyear and plant nutrition. Cereal Res. Commun. 34:473–476.
Hoffmann, S., Debreczeni, K., Berecz, K. 2007. Grain yield of wheat and maize as affected by previous crop and seasonal impats. Cereal Res. Comm. 35:469–472.
Jolánkai, P., Tóth, Z., Kismányoki, T. 2006. Effect of nitrogen and pesticides on the yield and protein content of winter wheat. Cer. Res. Commun. 34:509–512.
Payne, P.I., Lawrence, G.J. 1983. Catalogue of alleles for the complex gene loci, Glu-A1, Glu-B1, Glu-D1, which code for high molecular weight subunits of glutenin in hexaploid wheat. Cereal Res. Commun. 11:29–35.
Payne, P.I. 1987. Genetics of wheat storage proteins and the effect of allelic variation on bread-making quality. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 38:141–153.
Puppala, V., Herrman, T.J., Bockus, W.W., Loughin, T.M. 1998. Quality response of twelve hard red winter wheat cultivars to foliar disease across four locations in central Kansas. Cereal Chem. 75:94–99.
Ruske, R.E., Gooding, M.J., Jones, S.A. 2003. The effects of adding picoxystrobin, azoxystrobin and nitrogen to a triazole programme on disease control, flag leaf senescence, yield and grain quality of winter wheat. Crop Protec. 22:975–987.
Ruske, R.E., Gooding, M.J., Dobraszczyk, B.J. 2004. Effects of triazole and strobilurin fungicide programmes, with and without late-season nitrogen fertiliser, on the baking quality of Malacca winter wheat. J. Cereal Sci. 40:1–8.
Tanács, L., Matuz, J., Balogh, Cs., Ács, P.-né 2000. Peszticides állománykezelések hatása a búzafajták termésének valorigráfos minőségére (Effect of pesticide treatment of wheat-field on the quality of the wheat grain yield measured by valorigraph). Növénytermelés 49:27–39. (In Hungarian with English summary)
Tanács, L., Soós, J. 2001. Vegyszeres állománykezelések hatása az őszibúza-fajták szemtermésének valorigráfos minőségére (Effect of chemical treatments on the valorigraph grain quality index of winter wheat varieties). Növénytermelés 50:153–168. (In Hungarian)
Tanács, L., Gerő, L., Soós, J. 2003. Eltérő fenofázisban fungiciddel kezelt búzaállományok szemterméséből készÍtett tészták reológiai jellemzőinek az elemzése (Rheological characteristics of doughs from wheat varieties treated with fungicides in different phenophases). Növénytermelés 52:291–304. (In Hungarian with English summary)
Tanács, L., Véha, A., Petróczi, I.M. 2006. Mûtrágyával és fungiciddel kezelt aestivum búzák nedvessikértartalom, valorigráfos és alveográfos vizsgálatai az évjáratok függvényében (Wet gluten content and valorigraph and alveograph analysis of aestivum wheat varieties treated with mineral fertiliser and fungicide, as a function of the year). Növénytermelés 55:335–355. (In Hungarian with English summary)
Tanács, L. 2007. Seasonal and genotype effect on the alveographic value of winter wheats. Cereal Res. Commun. 35:1197–1200.
Wang, J., Pawelzik, E., Weinert, J., Zhao, Q., Wolf, G.A. 2004. Effect of fungicide treatment on the quality of wheat flour and bredmaking. J. Agricult. and Food Chem. 52:7593–7600.
Wrigley, C.W. 1992. Identification of cereal varieties by gel electrophoresis of the grain proteins. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany. pp. 17–41.
About this article
Cite this article
Tanács, L., Gregová, E., Bodnár, K. et al. Effects of fertilizers and fungicides applied in various doses and combinations on baking characteristics of wheat. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 38, 579–588 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1556/CRC.38.2010.4.15
- fertilizer treatments
- wet gluten content
- gluten spreading
- baking value
- water absorbing ability
- falling number