A field experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of nitrogen fertilizer applications on some quality components of wheat. For winter wheat genotypes (Ana Morava, Vizija, L-3027 and Perla) were grown at Small Grains Research Centre Kragujevac in three years (2005–2007) at three levels of nitrogen fertilization (N1 = 60 kg N ha−1, N2 = 90 kg N ha−1 and N3 = 120 kg N ha−1). Zeleny sedimentation value and wet gluten content in divergent wheat genotypes were analyzed in depending on the nitrogen nutrition and years. Nitrogen fertilization significantly increased sedimentation value and wet gluten content. The highest increasing of both traits established in N3 variant when applied 120 kg ha−1 of nitrogen. Genotypes reacted differently to N level increasing. Cultivar Perla had the highest value of sedimentation and wet gluten content and this cultivar the best reacted to increasing N levels. Statistically significant differences for sedimentation value and wet gluten content were found among cultivars, years, N-doses and for all their interactions. The results have shown that the best quality of wheat was with nitrogen applied of 120 kg N ha−1. Correlation between nitrogen applications and sedimentation value was significant (r = 0.208*), while between N-doses and wet gluten content was high significant (r = 0.290**). Sedimentation value and wet gluten content positively correlated (r = 0.783**).
Cesevicienė, J., Masauskienė, A. 2009. The variation of technological properties of stored winter wheat grain. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture 96:154–169.
Drezner, G., Dvojkovic, K., Horvat, D., Novoselovic, D., Lalic, A., Babic, D., Kovacevic, J. 2006. Grain yield and quality of winter wheat genotypes in different environments. Cereal Res. Commun. 34:457–460.
Drezner, G., Dvojkovic, K., Horvat, D., Novoselovic, D., Lalic, A. 2007. Environmental impacts on wheat agronomic quality traits. Cereal Res. Commun. 35:357–360.
Erekul, O., Köhn, W. 2006. Effect of weather and soil conditions on yield components and bread-making quality of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and winter triticale (Triticosecale Wittm.) varieties in North-East Germany. J. Agron. and Crop Sci. 192:452–464.
Guarda, G., Padovan, S., Delogu, G. 2004. Grain yield, nitrogen-use efficiency and baking quality of old and modern Italian bread-wheat cultivars grown at different nitrogen levels. European J. Agron. 21:181–192.
Hadzivukovic, S. 1991. Statisticki metodi s primenom u poljoprivrednim i bioloskim istrazivanjima. Drugo prosireno izdanje. Poljoprivredni fakultet, Novi Sad, Serbia.
Horvat, D., Jurkovic, Z., Drezner, G., Simic, G., Novoselovic, D., Dvojkovic, K. 2006. The influence of gluten proteins on technological properties of Croatian wheat cultivars. Cereal Res. Commun. 34:1177–1184.
ICC 1972, 1984. Standard methods of the international association for cereal chemistry (ICC). Methods No. 106/2 and 116/1. Vienna Verlag Moritz Schäfer, Detmold, Germany.
Johansson, E., Prieto-Linde, M.L., Svensson, G. 2004. Influence of nitrogen application rate and timing on grain protein composition and gluten strength in Swedish wheat. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 167:345–350.
Ozturk, A., Aydin, F. 2004. Effect of water stress at various growth stages on some quality characteristics of winter wheat. J. Agron. and Crop Sci. 190:93–99.
Pechanek, U., Karger, A., Gröger, S., Charvat, B., Schöggl, G., Lelley, T. 1997. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on quantity of flour protein components, dough properties, and breadmaking quality of wheat. Cereal Chem. 74:800–805.
Pepó, P., Sipos, P., Győri, Z. 2005. Effects of fertilizer application on the baking quality of winter wheat varieties in a long term experiment under continental climatic conditions in Hungary. Cereal Res. Commun. 33:825–832.
Ralcewicz, M., Knapowski, T. 2004. The effect of diverse nitrogen fertilization on the height of grain yield and the technological value of spring wheat. Annales UMCS, Sec. E. 59:969–978.
Souza, E.J., Martin, J.M., Guttieri, M.J., O’Brien, K.M., Habernicht, D.K., Lanning, S.P., McLean, R., Carlson, G.R., Talbert, L.E. 2004. Influence of genotype, environment, and nitrogen management on spring wheat quality. Crop Sci. 44:425–432.
Stankowski, S., Podolska, G., Pacewicz, K. 2004. The effect of nitrogen fertilization on yielding and grain quality of winter wheat cultivars. Annales UMCS, Sec. E. 59:1363–1369.
Szafrańska, A., Cacak-Pietrzak, G., Sułek, A. 2008. Influence of nitrogen fertilization and retardants on baking value of the winter wheat. Food Science and Technology. Electronic J. of Polish Agricultural Universities 11:4. http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume11/issue4/art-28.html
Varga, B., Svecnjak, Z., Jurkovic, Z., Pospisil, M. 2007. Quality responses of winter wheat cultivars to nitrogen and fungicide applications in Croatia. Acta Agron. Hungarica 55:37–48.
Zecevic, V., Djokic, D., Knezevic, D., Micanovic, D. 2004. The influence of nitrogen foliar application on yield and bread making quality parameters of wheat. Kragujevac J. of Sci., Kragujevac 26:85–90.
Zecevic, V., Knezevic, D., Micanovic, D., Dimitrijevic, B. 2005. Wheat mineral nutrition and quality. International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture and European Integration Processes, Novi Sad, 2004. Contemporary Agriculture, Novi Sad. 54:613–618.
Zecevic, V., Knezevic, D., Micanovic, D. 2007. Variability of technological quality components in winter wheat. Genetics, Belgrade. 39:365–374.
Communicated by F. Békés
About this article
Cite this article
Zecevic, V., Knezevic, D., Boskovic, J. et al. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on winter wheat quality. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 38, 243–249 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1556/CRC.38.2010.2.10
- winter wheat
- Zeleny sedimentation
- wet gluten content