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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 111–121 | Cite as

Improvement of wheat quality in cultivars released in Serbia during the 20th century

  • N. HristovEmail author
  • N. Mladenov
  • V. Djuric
  • A. Kondic-Spika
  • A. Marjanovic-Jeromela
Open Access
Quality and Utilization

Abstract

Twenty wheat varieties were analyzed to assess the contribution of 40-year breeding process to the advancement of wheat technological quality. A trial using a randomized block design with three replications was carried out during five growing seasons (2001–2005) that varied in temperature and rainfall conditions. Changes of quality were analyzed in the varieties from different breeding periods using linear regression analysis. Changes of quality indicators were expressed by regression coefficients. The studied varieties were released at 3–4-year intervals. The annual changes in genetic potentials were as follows: protein content — −0.03%, wet gluten — −0.14%, farinograph absorption — 0.04%, dough energy — 1.53 cm2, loaf volume — 2.94 ml, and baking score — 0.07. The decreases in the protein and wet gluten contents were compensated for by an improvement in protein quality. The increase in gluten structure stability and appropriate combinations of high molecular weight glutenin subunits have contributed to the improvement of other quality indicators.

Keywords

Triticum aestivum quality indicators improvement breeding contribution regression 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2010

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Hristov
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. Mladenov
    • 1
  • V. Djuric
    • 1
  • A. Kondic-Spika
    • 1
  • A. Marjanovic-Jeromela
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Field and Vegetable CropsNovi SadSerbia

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