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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 36, Supplement 6, pp 23–29 | Cite as

Progress and future prospects of resistance breeding to Fusarium head blight in Japan

  • Tomohiro BanEmail author
  • Naoyuki Kawad
  • Akira Yanagisawag
  • Akane Takezaki
Session 1 Host Plant Resistance and Variety Development

Abstract

We review and report the progress of germplasm enhancement for FHB resistance in Japan. Since 1970s, numerous wheat and barley germplasms have been screened for FHB resistance in intensive national breeding system. Resistance to FHB varies not only among wheat varieties but also their wild relatives, but no accession has been found to be completely immune. Spring wheat varieties from the Japanese and Chinese gene pools were screened and analyzed for their genetic diversity. It showed the uniqueness of the Japanese gene pool, and its distinction from the Chinese one. We traced the pedigrees of resistant wheat varieties to examine genetic diversity and potential in Japanese breeding programs. ‘Shinchunaga’, in addition to ‘Saitama 29’ and local varieties such as ‘Nobeokabouzu-komugi’ and ‘Nyubai’, is considered to the main donors for moderate resistance to FHB in many Japanese commercial varieties. Another contributor ‘Sumai 3’ from China made gains of the resistance level for modern Japanese commercial varieties. These results showed the advancement in development of new varieties with pyramiding of genes to enrich FHB resistance and low level of mycotoxin contamination in the breeding programs.

Keywords

Deoxynivalenol (DON) Fusarium head blight (FHB) Hordeum vulgare Mycotoxin quantitative trait loci (QTL) resistance breeding Triticum aestivum 

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References

  1. Ban, T., Suenaga, K. 2000. Genetic analysis of resistance to Fusarium head blight caused by Fusarium graminearum in Chinese wheat cultivar Sumai 3 and the Japanese cultivar Saikai 165. Euphytica 113:87–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Liu, S., Anderson J.A. 2003. Marker assisted evaluation of Fusarium head blight resistance wheat germplasm. Crop Sci. 43:760–766.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Yu, J.B., Bai, G.H., Cai, S.B., Ban, T. 2006: Marker-assisted characterization of Asian wheat lines for resistance to Fusarium head blight. Theor. Appl. Genet. 113:308–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2008

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomohiro Ban
    • 1
    Email author
  • Naoyuki Kawad
    • 2
  • Akira Yanagisawag
    • 3
  • Akane Takezaki
    • 4
  1. 1.Kihara Institute for Biological ResearchYokohama City UniversityYokohamaJapan
  2. 2.Research Team for FHB controlKONARCFukuokaJapan
  3. 3.Crop Science DivisionHokkaido Central Agricultural Experiment StationYubari, HokkaidoJapan
  4. 4.Tsukuba OfficeAFF Research Council SecretariatTsukuba IbarakiJapan

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