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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 36, Supplement 6, pp 321–325 | Cite as

Outbreaks of fusarial-toxicoses in India

  • Bhumi ReddyEmail author
  • Chinnam Raghavender
Session 3 Food Safety and Toxicology

Abstract

Mycotoxins are gaining utmost importance due to the fact that aflatoxins were found to be natural carcinogens prevailing in food and feedstuffs. Chronic health risks are particularly prevalent in India where the diets of the people are highly prone to mycotoxins due to poor harvesting practices, improper storage and transport. The Fusarium toxins of greatest concern are fumonisins, trichothecenes (deoxynivalenol (DON) and T-2 toxin) and zearalenone. The current paper describes the disease outbreaks of Fusarium toxins in India due to ingestion of mycotoxin-contaminated food. DON was implicated in an outbreak of emetic syndrome in Kashmir State. An outbreak of acute foodborne disease caused by fumonisin has been reported in south India during 1995 affecting 1,424 people due to contaminated sorghum and maize. Trichothecenes have been involved in an acute human mycotoxicosis known as alimentary toxic aleukia (ATA) in India during 1987 and were attributed to the consumption of mouldy wheat. These outbreaks continue to be a significant health problem of people in India because of their poor purchasing ability that compels them to consume contaminated food.

Keywords

food safety fumonisin ATA DON T-2 toxin human toxicoses 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2008

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyOsmania University, HyderabadHyderabadIndia

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