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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 166–177 | Cite as

Physiological Evaluation of Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Yield Attributes in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Genotypes under Different Nitrogen Levels

  • N. Kumar
  • B. Mathpal
  • A. Sharma
  • A. Shukla
  • D. Shankhdhar
  • S. C. ShankhdharEmail author
Agronomy
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract

Nitrogen use efficiency, more specifically physiological nitrogen use efficiency depends primarily on management of N, one of the major essential nutrients. It is required in increased agricultural production and may possibly cause soil toxicity if fed in excess. Rate of N fertilizer application in fertile agricultural field and improved productivity in sterile soils require the improvement of NUE. A field experiment was therefore conducted to evaluate the effect of different N levels (N0, N50, N100 and N200) on rice genotypes. Vegetative plant growth was found to be reduced under N0 while improved at N200 level. Among the genotypes, highest PNUE (34.94) and correspondingly higher yield (7.15 ton ha−1) was observed for Krishna Hamsa. The other traits viz. plant height, no. of productive tillers and LAI exhibited higher values for Krishna Hamsa as well. Hence these can be utilized as physiological markers for the selection of rice genotypes efficient in N use.

Keywords

nitrogen rice PNUE ANUE 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2014

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Kumar
    • 1
  • B. Mathpal
    • 1
  • A. Sharma
    • 1
  • A. Shukla
    • 1
  • D. Shankhdhar
    • 1
  • S. C. Shankhdhar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Plant Physiology, College of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesG. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology PantnagarU. S. NagarIndia

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