Studies on Genetic Variation within old Polish Cultivars of Common Oat
The gene pool of Polish oat cultivars is quite narrow. Obsolete cultivars bred at the beginning of the 20th century could be one of the “new” sources of genetic diversity. Re-using them in breeding programs might be much easier than interspecific hybridization with wild relatives. The aim of this study was to assess genetic variation within cultivars bred in Poland before 1939. Molecular analysis was carried out using ISSR markers. The obtained results have shown the old cultivars are much more heterogenic than the advanced ones. Distinctiveness of the gene pool of these accessions in relation to the modern Polish cultivar and landrace was also observed. UPGMA analysis has shown, despite the considerable time lapse, the tested cultivars retain their genetic integrity. Based on archive pedigree data it was found that most of the analysed accessions had diverse origin. Low value of total genetic variation of the old cultivars collection may indicate the gene pool of the primeval oat forms which were brought and grown in Poland was quite narrow. Both breeding history and the results presented in this paper suggest the restoration of old cultivars to Polish breeding should be one of the main tasks of gene bank in the future. According to the monitoring of accession sharing conducted by the national gene bank, breeders’ interest in old cultivars and landraces was and still is neglected.
Keywordscommon oat ISSR genetic variation
- Excoffier, L., Smouse, P., Quattro, J. 1992. Analysis of molecular variance inferred from metric distances among DNA haplotypes: Application to human mitochondrial DNA restriction data. Genet. 131:479–491.Google Scholar
- Frankel, O.H., Brown, A.H.D., Burdon, J.J. 1995. The Conservation of Plant Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press, 299 pp.Google Scholar
- Nei, M. 1978. Estimation of average heterozygosity and genetic distance from a small number of individuals. Genet. 89:583–590.Google Scholar
- Nowosielska, D. 2006. Różnorodność genotypowa i morfologiczna odmian i populacji miejscowych owsa (Avena sativa L.) uprawianych w Polsce (Genotypic and morphological diversity of cultivars and landraces of oats (Avena sativa L.) cultivated in Poland). Ph.D. Thesis. Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute, Radzików, Poland. (in Polish)Google Scholar
- Paczos-Grzęda, E. 2007. Wykorzystanie metod ISSR i RAPD oraz analizy rodowodów do oceny podobieństwa międzyodmianowego Avena sativa (Cultivars similarity estimation based on RAPD and ISSR methods and pedigree analysis). Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol. 517:547–558. (in Polish)Google Scholar
- Świerczewski, A., Mazaraki, M. 1993. Hodowla owsa (Oat breeding). In: Mazurek, J., Wojcieska, U., Mazurek, J., Król, M. (eds), Biologia i agrotechnika owsa (Biology and Agrotechnology of Oats). IUNG, Pulawy, Poland, pp. 129–161. (in Polish)Google Scholar
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.