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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 218–228 | Cite as

Molecular and Biochemical Analysis of Durum Wheat Genotypes to Examine Carotenoid Pigment Content and lIpoxygenase Enzyme Activity

  • Ö. Ateş SönmezoğluEmail author
  • A. S. Balkan
Open Access
Genetics

Abstract

The main criterion that determines the quality of durum wheat is the degree of suitability for pasta production (pasta-processing quality). In this regard, pigment content and the quantity of oxidative enzymes of durum wheat play important roles in the quality of pasta. It is now possible to examine these features and specify their effects using recently developed genetic markers and spectrophotometric measurement techniques. In the present study, LOX enzyme activity and pigment content are determined using molecular and biochemical scanning. According to the obtained results, Gediz-75, Gdem-12, Line-19, Zenit, Line-7 and Line-20 were determined as the most suitable lines or varieties for the production of quality pasta with regard to LOX enzyme activity. As for pigment content, Kyle, Zenit, Gdem-12, Gdem-2, TMB-1 and TMB-3 showed the highest potential for the production of yellow pasta. When pigment content and LOX enzyme activity were evaluated together, the potential of the Gediz-75, Gdem-12 and Zenit durum wheat varieties and lines to produce yellow pasta products was shown to be very high.

Keywords

durum wheat Triticum durum pigment content LOX SSR 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2013

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of EngineeringKaramanoğlu Mehmetbey UniversityKaramanTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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