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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 303–313 | Cite as

Identification of High Yielding Wheat Genotypes through Evaluation of International Nurseries

  • R. K. SharmaEmail author
  • M. Osmanzai
  • R. P. Singh
  • H. J. Braun
  • R. C. Sharma
Breeding

Abstract

High yielding, stable wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars are needed for the diverse environments in West Asia to improve rural livelihoods. This study was conducted to determine the performance of elite wheat breeding lines developed by CIMMYT, to analyze their stability for grain yield across diverse environments, and to identify superior genotypes that could be valuable for varietal release. Genetically diverse 196 advanced breeding lines were evaluated across different sites in Afghanistan. Grain yield, days to heading and plant height were analyzed. Genotypic superiority for grain yield was determined using genotype and genotype × environment (GGE) biplot analysis. The experimental genotypes showed arrays of variation for grain yield in each year, with mean values ranging from 3908 to 7209 kg/ha. A set of 20 experimental genotypes superior to the check based on their high mean yield and stability across environments as assessed by the GGE rank was identified. The most stable high yielding genotypes were HD 2687; Elvia/5/Cndo/R143//Ente/Mexi75/3/AE. sq./4/2*Oci; Quaiu; Whear/Vivitsi//Whear; Kiritati/2*Trch; Waxwing; Munal#1; Whear//Inqalab 91*2/Tukuru and Snb//Cmh79A.955/3*Cno79/3/Attila/4/Chen/A.sq.(Taus)//Bcn/3/2*Kauz. These superior genotypes also had acceptable maturity and plant height. The findings of this study provides information on adaptation of the internationally important wheat genotypes, valuable for wheat improvement program in Afghanistan and its neighbouring countries in West, Central and South Asia.

Keywords

biplot genotype × environment interaction grain yield stability wheat Triticum aestivum 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2013

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Sharma
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Osmanzai
    • 1
  • R. P. Singh
    • 2
  • H. J. Braun
    • 2
  • R. C. Sharma
    • 3
  1. 1.CIMMYTKabulAfghanistan
  2. 2.Global Wheat ProgramCIMMYTEl BatanMexico
  3. 3.Central Asia and the Caucasus Regional ProgramICARDATashkentUzbekistan

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