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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 66–77 | Cite as

Response of Wheat Cultivars to Arsenic Contamination in Polluted Soils of West Bengal, India

  • R. KunduEmail author
  • K. Bhattacharyya
  • A. Majumder
  • S. Pal
Physiology

Abstract

Arsenic, the toxic metalloid, widely available in the natural ecosystem, poses serious problem through contaminated groundwater and drinking water. The emerging areas of arsenic hazards in agricultural systems through use of contaminated irrigation water and entry of toxin in crops has been largely overlooked. Arsenic accumulation by plants and its translocation to edible parts were observed to vary within crops and also across the cultivars. Wheat is an alternative choice of summer rice, due to low water requirement. With this background, the current experiment was conducted with four popular wheat cultivars to study the arsenic accumulation and varietal tolerance under different soils and groundwater. The arsenic content was determined by using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). Result revealed that, wheat cultivars differed in their grain arsenic concentration (0.23–1.22 mg kg−1), which differed across the sites and year of experiment. The arsenic translocation in wheat grains usually least, and accumulation by different tissues followed the order root > stem > leaf > grain across the cultivars. The cultivar UP-262 was found to accumulate least arsenic in grains and cultivar Kalyansona the highest under same growing condition, due to phyto-extraction or phyto-morphological potential of the varieties.

Keywords

arsenic uptake groundwater wheat cultivars straw grain AAS 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2013

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Kundu
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. Bhattacharyya
    • 1
  • A. Majumder
    • 1
  • S. Pal
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR Niche Area of Excellence, Arsenic Research LaboratoryDirectorate of Research Bidhan Chandra Krishi ViswavidyalayaNadiaIndia

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