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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 65, Issue 4, pp 451–468 | Cite as

The Potentiality of Trichoderma Harzianum in Alleviation the Adverse Effects of Salinity in Faba Bean Plants

  • G. K. Abd El-BakiEmail author
  • Doaa Mostafa
Article

Abstract

The interaction between sodium chloride and Trichoderma harzianum (T24) on growth parameters, ion contents, MDA content, proline, soluble proteins as well as SDS page protein profile were studied in Vicia faba Giza 429. A sharp reduction was found in fresh and dry mass of shoots and roots with increasing salinity. Trichoderma treatments promoted the growth criteria as compared with corresponding salinized plants. The water content and leaf area exhibited a marked decrease with increasing salinity. Trichoderma treatments induced a progressive increase in both parameters. Both proline and MDA contents were increased progressively as the salinity rose in the soil. Trichoderma treatments considerably retarded the accumulation of both parameters in shoots and roots. Both Na+ and K+ concentration increased in both organs by enhancing salinity levels. The treatment with Trichoderma harzianum enhanced the accumulation of both ions. Exposure of plants to different concentrations of salinity, or others treated with Trichoderma harzianum produced marked changes in their protein pattern. Three types of alterations were observed: the synthesis of certain proteins declined significantly, specific synthesis of certain other proteins were markedly observed and synthesis of a set specific protein was induced de novo in plant treated with Trichoderma harzianum.

Keywords

Lipid peroxidation proline proteins potassium salinity sodium Trichoderma 

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Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors would like to thank Prof. Dr. M. A. A. Shaddad, Assuit University for his valuable advices and revising the manuscript.

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2014

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Botany Department, Faculty of ScienceMinia UniversityEl-MiniaEgypt
  2. 2.Microbiology Department, Faculty of ScienceMinia UniversityEl-MiniaEgypt

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