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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 65, Issue 3, pp 285–293 | Cite as

Exaggerated Activity of HPA Axis in Obese Rats Fed Normocaloric Liquid Nutrition

  • Michaela Vrabcova
  • Livia Mikuska
  • M. Zeman
  • B. MravecEmail author
Article

Abstract

Experimental and clinical studies have shown alterations in activity of systems responsible for neuroendocrine stress response in obese individuals. Therefore we investigated the effect of palatable normocaloric liquid nutrition (Fresubin) on alterations in activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in male Wistar rats of different developmental stages. Control rats (CON) received standard pellet chow all the time from weaning (21st day of age) to 150 days. Fresubin was administered throughout the experiment (LN), only in juvenility (from 21st to 90th day of age; LNJ) or only in adulthood (from 90th to 150th day of age; LNA). Body weight and energy intake were periodically monitored. Adrenal gland and fat tissue weight and plasma corticosterone levels (CORT) was determined after sacrification. Fresubin intake induced obesity in LN and LNA rats. In LN and LNA rats were observed elevated serum CORT levels, but only in LN rats with significant twofold increase compared to LNJ rats. However, the weight of adrenal glands did not differ between LN, LNJ and LNA experimental groups. Based on our results, we suggest, that obesity induced by Fresubin in LN and LNA rats is accompanied by increased HPA activity represented by elevated plasma CORT levels in these rats.

Keywords

Corticosterone Fresubin liquid nutrition obesity rats 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2014

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michaela Vrabcova
    • 1
  • Livia Mikuska
    • 2
  • M. Zeman
    • 3
  • B. Mravec
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of MedicineComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Experimental EndocrinologySlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovak Republic
  3. 3.Department of Animal Physiology and Ethology Faculty of Natural SciencesComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovak Republic
  4. 4.Institute of Physiology, Faculty of MedicineComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovak Republic

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