The 5-HT Immunoreactive Innervation of the Helix Procerebrum


In the procerebrum of terrestrial snails, 5-HT is a key modulatory substance of the generation of synchronous oscillatory activity and odor learning capability. In this study, we have analyzed the characteristics of the 5-HT-immunoreactive (5-HT-IR) innervation of the distinct anatomical regions of the procerebrum of Helix pomatia, applying correlative light- and electron microscopic immunocytochemistry. A dense network of 5-HT-IR innervation was demonstrated in the cell body layer, meanwhile a varicose fiber system of different density occurred in the different neuropil regions. At the ultrastructural level, labeled varicosities were found to contact both procerebral cell bodies, and different unlabeled axon profiles in the neuropils. The labeled structures established mostly close non-specialized membrane contacts with the postsynaptic profiles. The overall dense distribution of 5-HT-IR innervation supports a general modulatory role of 5-HT in processing different olfactory events.


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Correspondence to K. Elekes.

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Presented during the 12th ISIN Symposium on Invertebrate Neurobiology, August 31–September 4, 2011, Tihany, Hungary.

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Battonyai, I., Elekes, K. The 5-HT Immunoreactive Innervation of the Helix Procerebrum. BIOLOGIA FUTURA 63, 96–103 (2012).

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  • Procerebrum
  • ultrastructure
  • 5-HT
  • immunocytochemistry
  • Helix pomatia