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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 61, Supplement 1, pp 206–217 | Cite as

Biotechnological Approach in Exploring Vegetative Desiccation Tolerance: From Aseptic Culture to Molecular Breeding

  • O. ToldiEmail author
  • G. Dancs
  • Sz. Dobrányi
  • Cs. Gyuricza
  • Zs. Gémesi
  • P. Scott
Open Access
Article

Abstract

What is remarkable about resurrection plants is the ability of vegetative tissues (root, shoot, stem, leaves) to tolerate dehydration of the tissues and then return as functional units on rehydration. This phenomenon made resurrection plants exciting targets for molecular analysis of the poikilohydric ability and drought tolerance. The protective mechanisms of vegetative desiccation tolerance appear to involve three major components, sugars, proteins and antioxidants. According to the recent scientific consensus all three are postulated to be involved in maintaining cellular integrity during the drying phases. The aim of this review is to establish a provisional hierarchy among these stress avoiding mechanisms that are associated with desiccation tolerance. The main reason for ranking these signal metabolites and protective agents is their potential importance in practical applications. Although vegetative desiccation tolerance is a complex trait both genetically and physiologically, there are already examples where outcomes of targeted studies in resurrection plants are going to be directly utilized to engineer crop plants genetically. Here we also show that conventional genetic transformation techniques, via in vitro plant regeneration systems, still represent an unavoidable part of the high-throughput technology chain of molecular breeding.

Keywords

ABA glutathione (GSH) LEA proteins raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs) resurrection plants 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2010

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Toldi
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. Dancs
    • 1
  • Sz. Dobrányi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cs. Gyuricza
    • 3
  • Zs. Gémesi
    • 4
  • P. Scott
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Biomass ExploitationHungarian Institute of Agricultural EngineeringGödöllőHungary
  2. 2.Department of Botany and Plant PhysiologySzent István UniversityGödöllőHungary
  3. 3.Institute of Crop ProductionSzent István UniversityGödöllőHungary
  4. 4.Regional Developmental Holding Co. Ltd.BudapestHungary
  5. 5.School of Life SciencesUniversity of SussexBrightonUK

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