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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 61, Issue 3, pp 250–261 | Cite as

Effects of xylopia Aethiopica (Annonaceae) Fruit Methanol Extract on γ-Radiation-Induced Oxidative Stress in Brain of Adult Male Wistar Rats

  • O. A. AdaramoyeEmail author
  • Bosede O. Popoola
  • E. O. Farombi
Article

Abstract

Xylopia aethiopica (XA) (Annonaceae) possesses great nutritional and medicinal values. This study was designed to investigate the effects of XA fruit methanol extract on oxidative stress in brain of rats exposed to whole body γ-radiation (5 Gy). Vitamin C (VC) served as standard antioxidant. Forty-four rats were divided into 4 groups of 11 rats each. One group served as control, two different groups were treated with XA and VC (250 mg/kg), 6 weeks before and 8 weeks after irradiation, and fourth group was only irradiated. Rats were sacrificed 1 and 8 weeks after irradiation. The antioxidant status, viz. Lipid peroxidation (LPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione-s-transferase (GST) and glutathione (GSH) were estimated. Results indicate a significant increase (p < 0.05) in levels of brain LPO after irradiation. LPO increased by 90% and 151%, after 1 and 8 weeks of irradiation, respectively. Irradiation caused significant (p < 0.05) decreases in levels of GSH and GST by 61% and 43% after 1 week and, 75% and 73%, respectively, after 8 weeks of exposure. CAT and SOD levels were decreased by 62% and 68%, respectively, after 8 weeks of irradiation. Treatment with XA and VC ameliorated the radiation-induced decreases in antioxidant status of the animals. These suggest that XA could have beneficial effect by inhibiting oxidative damage in brain of exposed rats.

Keywords

Antioxidant enzymes brain oxidative stress radioprotection vitamin C 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2010

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. A. Adaramoye
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bosede O. Popoola
    • 1
  • E. O. Farombi
    • 1
  1. 1.Drug Metabolism and Toxicology Research Laboratories, Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Faculty of Basic Medical SciencesUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria

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